Chinese economy

Statistical bulletin of China’s national economic and social development in 2020 From National Bureau of Statistics

The following is the Statistical bulletin of China’s national economic and social development in 2020 From National Bureau of Statistics recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: Chinese economy.

2020 is an extraordinary year in the history of new China. Novel coronavirus pneumonia is the most important task for the Chinese Communist Party. The Party Central Committee, with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core, takes the overall situation, maintains strategic determination, accurately judges the situation, plans carefully and plans, resolutely takes actions, and makes painstaking efforts to make timely decisions on the prevention and control of epidemic situation and economic and social development. Strategy. All localities and departments adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping’s new socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics and implement the spirit of the nineteen and nineteen second, third, fourth and fifth plenary sessions of the party in accordance with the CPC’s guiding principles. In accordance with the decision making of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, we should calm down and deal with risks and challenges, adhere to the direction of China’s high-quality development, unfold the epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and do a solid job in “six”. We are the only major economy in the world to achieve positive economic growth, win the battle against poverty, achieve decisive achievements in building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, and hand over an answer paper that people are satisfied with, world attention is focused on, and can be recorded in history.

1、 Synthesis

According to preliminary accounting, the annual GDP was 101598.6 billion yuan, an increase of 2.3% over the previous year. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 7775.4 billion yuan, an increase of 3.0%; the added value of the secondary industry was 38425.5 billion yuan, an increase of 2.6%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 55397.7 billion yuan, an increase of 2.1%. The added value of the primary industry accounted for 7.7% of GDP, the added value of the secondary industry accounted for 37.8%, and the added value of the tertiary industry accounted for 54.5%. In the whole year, final consumption expenditure drove GDP down by 0.5 percentage points, total capital formation drove GDP growth by 2.2 percentage points, and net exports of goods and services drove GDP growth by 0.7 percentage points. From a quarterly perspective, GDP in the first quarter decreased by 6.8% year-on-year, increased by 3.2% in the second quarter, increased by 4.9% in the third quarter, and increased by 6.5% in the fourth quarter. It is estimated that the annual per capita GDP is 72447 yuan, an increase of 2.0% over the previous year. The gross national income [4] was 100915.1 billion yuan, an increase of 1.9% over the previous year. China’s energy consumption per 10000 yuan of GDP [5] decreased by 0.1% over the previous year. It is estimated that the total labor productivity [6] is 117746 yuan / person, 2.5% higher than that of the previous year.

In the whole year, 11.86 million new urban jobs were created, 1.66 million less than the previous year. At the end of the year, the unemployment rate in cities and towns nationwide was 5.2%, and the registered unemployment rate in cities and towns was 4.2%. The total number of migrant workers [7] in China was 285.6 million, a decrease of 1.8% over the previous year. Among them, there were 169.59 million migrant workers, down 2.7%, and 116.01 million local migrant workers, down 0.4%.

The annual consumer price rose by 2.5% over the previous year. Factory prices of industrial producers fell by 1.8%. The purchase price of industrial producers fell by 2.3%. Producer prices of agricultural products [8] rose by 15.0%. In December, the number of newly built commercial housing sales prices in 70 large and medium-sized cities increased year-on-year to 60 and decreased to 10.

Table 1 the rise and fall of consumer prices in the year 2000 over the previous year

At the end of the year, China’s foreign exchange reserves reached 3216.5 billion US dollars, 108.6 billion US dollars more than at the end of the previous year. The annual average exchange rate of RMB was 6.8974 yuan to the US dollar, an appreciation of 0.02% over the previous year.

Decisive achievements were made in the three major battles. According to the current rural poverty standard of 2300 yuan per person per year (constant price in 2010), 5.51 million rural poor people have been lifted out of poverty. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, all 98.99 million rural poor people have been lifted out of poverty, all poverty-stricken counties have taken off their hats, and absolute poverty has been eliminated historically. In the whole year, the per capita disposable income of rural residents in poverty-stricken areas [10] was 12588 yuan, an increase of 8.8% over the previous year. After deducting the price factor, the actual increase was 5.6%. Among the 337 cities above prefecture level monitored, 59.9% of the cities met the air quality standards and 40.1% failed to meet the standards. The average annual concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in cities that failed to meet the standard (based on 262 cities that failed to meet the standard in 2015) was 37 μ g / m3, a decrease of 7.5% over the previous year. Among the 1940 national surface water assessment sections, 83.4% of them are of excellent water quality (class I-III), 13.6% of them are of class IV, 2.4% of them are of class V, and 0.6% of them are of inferior water quality. At the end of the year, the balance of local government debt was controlled within the limit approved by the National People’s Congress. Financial risk management has achieved important results.

New industries, new business forms and new models are growing against the trend. Among the industries above Designated Size, the added value of high-tech manufacturing industry [11] increased by 7.1% over the previous year, accounting for 15.1% of the added value of industries above Designated Size; the added value of equipment manufacturing industry [12] increased by 6.6%, accounting for 33.7% of the added value of industries above designated size. Among the service industries above Designated Size [13], the business income of strategic emerging service industries [14] increased by 8.3% over the previous year. The annual investment in high-tech industries [15] increased by 10.6% over the previous year. The annual output of new energy vehicles was 1.456 million, an increase of 17.3% over the previous year; the output of integrated circuits was 261.47 billion, an increase of 29.6%. The online retail sales of the whole year [16] reached 11760.1 billion yuan, an increase of 10.9% over the previous year. In the year, 25.02 million new market entities were registered, with an average of 22 000 new registered enterprises per day, and a total of 140 million market entities at the end of the year.

The coordinated development of urban and rural areas has been steadily promoted. At the end of the year, the urbanization rate of permanent residents exceeded 60%. From a regional perspective, the GDP of the eastern region was 52575.2 billion yuan, an increase of 2.9% over the previous year; the GDP of the central region was 22224.6 billion yuan, an increase of 1.3%; the GDP of the western region was 2132.2 billion yuan, an increase of 3.3%; and the GDP of the northeast region was 5112.5 billion yuan, an increase of 1.1%. The GDP of the Beijing Tianjin Hebei region was 8639.3 billion yuan, an increase of 2.4% over the previous year; the GDP of the Yangtze River economic belt was 47158 billion yuan, an increase of 2.7%; the GDP of the Yangtze River Delta was 24471.4 billion yuan, an increase of 3.3%. Major regional strategies, such as the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Bay area, ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, have been thoroughly implemented.

2、 Agriculture

The annual grain planting area was 116.77 million hectares, an increase of 700000 hectares over the previous year. Among them, the rice planting area was 30.08 million hectares, an increase of 380000 hectares; the wheat planting area was 23.38 million hectares, a decrease of 350000 hectares; the corn planting area was 41.26 million hectares, a decrease of 20000 hectares. The cotton planting area was 3.17 million hectares, a decrease of 170000 hectares. The oil planting area was 13.13 million hectares, an increase of 200000 hectares. Sugar planting area was 1.57 million hectares, a decrease of 40000 hectares.

The annual grain output was 669.49 million tons, an increase of 5.65 million tons or 0.9% over the previous year. Among them, the yield of summer grain was 142.86 million tons, increased by 0.9%; the yield of early rice was 27.29 million tons, increased by 3.9%; the yield of autumn grain was 49.34 million tons, increased by 0.7%. The annual grain output was 616.74 million tons, an increase of 0.5% over the previous year. Among them, the output of rice was 21.86 million tons, increasing by 1.1%; the output of wheat was 134.25 million tons, increasing by 0.5%; the output of corn was 260.67 million tons, decreasing slightly.

The annual cotton output was 5.91 million tons, 0.4% higher than that of the previous year. Oil production was 35.85 million tons, an increase of 2.6%. The output of sugar was 120.28 million tons, a decrease of 1.2%. The output of tea was 2.97 million tons, an increase of 7.1%.

The annual output of pork, cattle, sheep and poultry was 76.39 million tons, down 0.1% over the previous year. Among them, pork output was 41.13 million tons, down 3.3%; beef output was 6.72 million tons, up 0.8%; mutton output was 4.92 million tons, up 1.0%; poultry output was 23.61 million tons, up 5.5%. The output of poultry eggs was 34.68 million tons, an increase of 4.8%. Milk output was 34.4 million tons, an increase of 7.5%. At the end of the year, there were 406.5 million live pigs on hand, an increase of 31.0% over the end of the previous year, and 527.04 million live pigs on hand, a decrease of 3.2% over the previous year.

The annual output of aquatic products was 65.45 million tons, an increase of 1.0% over the previous year. Among them, the output of aquaculture aquatic products was 52.15 million tons, an increase of 3.0%; the output of fishing aquatic products was 13.3 million tons, a decrease of 5.0%.

The annual timber output was 87.27 million cubic meters, 13.1% lower than that of the previous year.

Throughout the year, 430000 hectares of cultivated land and 1.6 million hectares of high-efficiency water-saving irrigation were added.

3、 Industry and construction

The total industrial added value of the whole year was 31307.1 billion yuan, an increase of 2.4% over the previous year. The added value of industries above designated size increased by 2.8%. Among the industries above Designated Size, the added value of state-owned holding enterprises increased by 2.2%, joint-stock enterprises by 3.0%, enterprises invested by foreign investors, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan enterprises by 2.4%, and private enterprises by 3.7%. In terms of categories, the mining industry grew by 0.5%, the manufacturing industry by 3.4%, and the power, heat, gas and water production and supply industry by 2.0%.

Among the industries above Designated Size, the added value of agricultural and sideline food processing industry decreased by 1.5% over the previous year, the textile industry increased by 0.7%, the chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing industry increased by 3.4%, the non-metallic mineral products industry increased by 2.8%, the ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry increased by 6.7%, the general equipment manufacturing industry increased by 5.1%, the special equipment manufacturing industry increased by 6.3%, the automobile manufacturing industry increased by 6.6%, and the electrical machinery industry increased by 6% The production and supply of electric power and heat increased by 1.9%.

Table 2 output and growth rate of main industrial products in 2020

At the end of the year, the installed power generation capacity of China was 2200.58 million kilowatts, an increase of 9.5% over the end of the previous year. Among them, the installed capacity of thermal power is 1245.17 million KW, an increase of 4.7%; the installed capacity of hydropower is 370.16 million KW, an increase of 3.4%; the installed capacity of nuclear power is 49.89 million KW, an increase of 2.4%; the installed capacity of grid connected wind power is 281.53 million kW, an increase of 34.6%; the installed capacity of grid connected solar power is 253.43 million KW, an increase of 24.1%.

The annual profit of Industrial Enterprises above designated size was 6451.6 billion yuan, an increase of 4.1% over the previous year [22]. In terms of economic types, the profits of state-owned holding enterprises were 1486.1 billion yuan, down 2.9% from the previous year; joint stock enterprises were 4544.5 billion yuan, up 3.4%; foreign and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan investment enterprises were 1823.4 billion yuan, up 7.0%; private enterprises were 2026.2 billion yuan, up 3.1%. In terms of categories, the profit of mining industry was 355.3 billion yuan, down 31.5% from the previous year; the profit of manufacturing industry was 5579.5 billion yuan, up 7.6%; the profit of power, heat, gas and water production and supply industry was 516.8 billion yuan, up 4.9%. In the whole year, the cost per 100 yuan of operating revenue of Industrial Enterprises above designated size was 83.89 yuan, 0.11 yuan lower than that of the previous year, and the profit margin of operating revenue was 6.08%, 0.20 percentage point higher. At the end of the year, the asset liability ratio of Industrial Enterprises above designated size was 56.1%, 0.3 percentage point lower than that at the end of the previous year. In the whole year, the utilization rate of industrial capacity [23] was 74.5%, of which 67.3%, 74.4%, 76.7% and 78.0% were in the first, second, third and fourth quarters respectively.

In the whole year, the added value of the construction industry was 7299.6 billion yuan, an increase of 3.5% over the previous year. The profits of the qualified general contracting and professional contracting construction enterprises in China were 830.3 billion yuan, an increase of 0.3% over the previous year, and the holding enterprises in China were 287.1 billion yuan, an increase of 4.7%.

4、 Service industry

The annual added value of wholesale and retail industry was 9568.6 billion yuan, down 1.3% over the previous year; the added value of transportation, warehousing and postal industry was 4156.2 billion yuan, up 0.5%; the added value of accommodation and catering industry was 1597.1 billion yuan, down 13.1%; the added value of financial industry was 840.7 billion yuan, up 7.0%; the added value of real estate industry was 7455.3 billion yuan, up 2.9%; the added value of information transmission, software and information technology service industry was 3795.1 billion yuan The added value of leasing and business services industry was 3161.6 billion yuan, down 5.3%. The annual operating revenue of service enterprises above designated size increased by 1.9% over the previous year, and the total profit decreased by 7.0%.

The total volume of freight transportation in the whole year was 46.3 billion tons, and the turnover of freight transportation was 19661.8 billion ton kilometers. Throughout the year, the port completed 14.5 billion tons of cargo throughput, an increase of 4.3% over the previous year, including 4.5 billion tons of foreign trade cargo throughput, an increase of 4.0%. The port’s container throughput reached 264.3 million TEUs, an increase of 1.2%.

The total number of passengers transported in the whole year was 9.7 billion, down 45.1% over the previous year. Passenger transport turnover was 1925.1 billion person kilometers, down 45.5%.

Table 4 passenger transport volume and growth rate of various transport modes in 2020

At the end of the year, the number of civil cars in China was 280.87 million (including 7.48 million tricycles and low-speed trucks), an increase of 19.37 million over the end of the previous year, including 243.93 million private cars, an increase of 17.58 million. The number of civilian cars was 156.4 million, an increase of 9.96 million, including 146.74 million private cars, an increase of 9.73 million.

The total business volume of the postal industry was 2105.3 billion yuan, an increase of 29.7% over the previous year. The postal industry completed 1.42 billion postal correspondence business, 20 million parcel business, 83.36 billion express business, and 879.5 billion yuan of express business revenue. The total amount of telecom services completed in the whole year was [26] 13675.8 billion yuan, an increase of 28.1% over the previous year. At the end of the year, the total number of telephone users in China was 1775.98 million, including 1594.07 million mobile phone users. The penetration rate of mobile phones was 113.9 per 100 people. There were 483.55 million fixed Internet broadband access users, an increase of 34.27 million over the end of last year, including 454.14 million fixed Internet optical broadband access users, an increase of 36.75 million. The annual mobile Internet user access traffic was 165.6 billion GB, an increase of 35.7% over the previous year. At the end of the year, there were 989 million Internet users, including 986 million mobile Internet users. The Internet penetration rate was 70.4%, including 55.9% in rural areas. In the whole year, the software and information technology service industry [30] completed 8161.6 billion yuan of software business revenue, an increase of 13.3% over the previous year.

5、 Domestic trade

The total retail sales of consumer goods was 391981.1 billion yuan, down 3.9% over the previous year. According to the statistics of the places of operation, the retail sales of urban consumer goods were 33911.9 billion yuan, down 4.0%; the retail sales of rural consumer goods were 5286.2 billion yuan, down 3.2%. According to the consumption type, the retail sales of goods were 35245.3 billion yuan, down 2.3%; the catering revenue was 3952.7 billion yuan, down 16.6%.

In terms of the annual retail sales of commodities of units above Designated Size, the retail sales of Cereals, Oils and foodstuffs increased by 9.9% over the previous year, the retail sales of beverages increased by 14.0%, the retail sales of tobacco and alcohol increased by 5.4%, the retail sales of clothing, shoes and hats, needle textiles decreased by 6.6%, the retail sales of cosmetics increased by 9.5%, the retail sales of gold, silver and jewelry decreased by 4.7%, the retail sales of daily necessities increased by 7.5%, the retail sales of household appliances and audio-visual equipment decreased by 3.8%, the retail sales of Chinese and Western medicines increased by 7.8%, and the retail sales Categories increased by 5.8%, furniture decreased by 7.0%, communication equipment increased by 12.9%, construction and decoration materials decreased by 2.8%, petroleum and products decreased by 14.5%, and automobile decreased by 1.8%.

The annual online retail sales of physical goods reached 9759 billion yuan, an increase of 14.8% over the previous year, accounting for 24.9% of the total retail sales of social consumer goods, an increase of 4.0 percentage points over the previous year.

6、 Investment in fixed assets

The total investment in fixed assets was 52727 billion yuan, an increase of 2.7% over the previous year. Among them, fixed asset investment (excluding farmers) was 51890.7 billion yuan, an increase of 2.9%. From a regional perspective, investment in the eastern region increased by 3.8% over the previous year, investment in the central region increased by 0.7%, investment in the western region increased by 4.4%, and investment in the northeast region increased by 4.3%.

Among the fixed assets investment (excluding farmers), the investment in the primary industry was 1330.2 billion yuan, an increase of 19.5% over the previous year; the investment in the secondary industry was 1491.54 billion yuan, an increase of 0.1%; the investment in the tertiary industry was 35645.1 billion yuan, an increase of 3.6%. Private investment in fixed assets was 28926.4 billion yuan, an increase of 1.0%. Infrastructure investment [35] increased by 0.9%.

Table 5 growth rate of fixed assets investment by industry (excluding farmers) in 2020

Table 6 main new production and operation capacity of fixed assets investment in 2020

The annual investment in real estate development was 14144.3 billion yuan, an increase of 7.0% over the previous year. Among them, the investment in residential buildings was 10444.6 billion yuan, an increase of 7.6%; the investment in office buildings was 649.4 billion yuan, an increase of 5.4%; the investment in commercial buildings was 1307.6 billion yuan, a decrease of 1.1%. At the end of the year, the area of commercial housing for sale was 498.5 million square meters, an increase of 290000 square meters over the end of the previous year. Among them, the commercial residential area for sale was 223790000 square meters, a decrease of 940000 square meters.

Throughout the year, 2.09 million sets of shantytowns were rebuilt, and 2.03 million sets were basically completed. We completed 742100 households [37] filing and card building, poverty alleviation and rehabilitation of rural dilapidated houses.

Table 7 main indicators and growth rate of real estate development and sales in the past 20 years

7、 Foreign economy

The total import and export volume of goods was 32155.7 billion yuan, an increase of 1.9% over the previous year. Among them, exports were 17932.6 billion yuan, up 4.0%; imports were 14223.1 billion yuan, down 0.7%. The surplus of import and export of goods was 3709.6 billion yuan, an increase of 797.6 billion yuan over the previous year. For one belt, one road, [38] total imports and exports totaled 93696 billion yuan, up 1% over the previous year. Among them, export was 5426.3 billion yuan, up 3.2%; import was 3943.3 billion yuan, down 1.8%.

Table 8 total import and export volume of goods and its growth rate in 2020

Table 9: quantity, amount and growth rate of main commodity exports in 2020

Table 10 import quantity, amount and growth rate of main commodities in 2020

Table 11 the value, growth rate and proportion of imports and exports of goods to major countries and regions in 2020

The total import and export of services was 4564.3 billion yuan, down 15.7% over the previous year. Among them, service export was 1935.7 billion yuan, down 1.1%; service import was 2628.6 billion yuan, down 24.0%. The service import and export deficit was 692.9 billion yuan.

There were 38570 newly established enterprises with foreign direct investment (excluding banking, securities and insurance), a decrease of 5.7% over the previous year. The amount of foreign direct investment actually used was 100 billion yuan, an increase of 6.2%, or 144.4 billion US dollars, an increase of 4.5%. Among them, one belt, one road, direct investment in China (including some free port investment in China), 4294 new enterprises, 23.2% decrease; and the amount of direct investment in China is 57 billion 400 million yuan, down 0.3%, which is 8 billion 300 million US dollars, down 1.8%. The actual use of foreign capital in high-tech industry was 296.3 billion yuan, an increase of 11.4%, or 42.8 billion US dollars, an increase of 9.5%.

Foreign direct investment (excluding banking, securities and insurance) and its growth rate in 2020

The annual foreign non-financial direct investment was 759.8 billion yuan, down 0.4% over the previous year, or 110.2 billion US dollars, down 0.4%. Among them, one belt, one road, the amount of direct investment of non-financial sector was 17 billion 800 million US dollars, an increase of 18.3%.

Table 1 foreign non financial direct investment and its growth rate in 2020

The annual turnover of foreign contracted projects was 1075.6 billion yuan, down 9.8% over the previous year, or 155.9 billion US dollars, down 9.8%. Among them, one belt, one road, and the total number of countries in the vicinity of the whole country completed a turnover of 91 billion 100 million US dollars, a decrease of 7%, accounting for 58.4% of the total turnover of foreign contracted projects. In foreign labor cooperation, 300000 workers of all kinds were dispatched.

8、 Finance

The annual general public budget revenue was 18289.5 billion yuan, down 3.9% over the previous year. Among them, the tax revenue was 15431 billion yuan, down 2.3%. China’s general public budget expenditure reached 24558.8 billion yuan, an increase of 2.8% over the previous year. More than 2.5 trillion yuan of tax and fee reductions were added throughout the year.

Note: the data in the figure from 2016 to 2019 are the final accounts of the national general public budget revenue, and the data in 2020 are the implementation figures.

At the end of the year, the balance of broad money supply (M2) was 218.7 trillion yuan, an increase of 10.1% over the end of the previous year; the balance of narrow money supply (M1) was 62.6 trillion yuan, an increase of 8.6%; the balance of money in circulation (M0) was 8.4 trillion yuan, an increase of 9.2%.

The annual increment of social financing scale [40] was 34.9 trillion yuan, which was 9.2 trillion yuan more than that of the previous year. At the end of the year, the stock of social financing scale [41] was 284.8 trillion yuan, which was 13.3% higher than that of the previous year. The balance of RMB loans to the real economy was 171.6 trillion yuan, an increase of 13.2%. At the end of the year, the balance of domestic and foreign currency deposits of all financial institutions was 218.4 trillion yuan, an increase of 20.2 trillion yuan over the beginning of the year, of which the balance of RMB deposits was 212.6 trillion yuan, an increase of 19.6 trillion yuan. The balance of domestic and foreign currency loans of all financial institutions was 178.4 trillion yuan, an increase of 19.8 trillion yuan, of which the balance of RMB loans was 172.7 trillion yuan, an increase of 19.6 trillion yuan. The balance of RMB inclusive financial loans [42] was 21.5 trillion yuan, an increase of 4.2 trillion yuan.

Table 1 balance and growth rate of deposits and loans in domestic and foreign currencies of all financial institutions at the end of 2020

At the end of the year, the RMB loan balance of major rural financial institutions (rural credit cooperatives, rural cooperative banks and rural commercial banks) was 21588.6 billion yuan, an increase of 2521 billion yuan over the beginning of the year. The balance of RMB consumer loans of all financial institutions was 49566.8 billion yuan, an increase of 5599.4 billion yuan. Among them, the balance of personal short-term consumer loans was 8777.4 billion yuan, an increase of 717.7 billion yuan; the balance of personal medium and long-term consumer loans was 40789.4 billion yuan, an increase of 4881.7 billion yuan.

A shares of Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges raised 1541.7 billion yuan, an increase of 188.3 billion yuan over the previous year. 394 IPO A-shares raised 474.2 billion yuan, an increase of 225.2 billion yuan over the previous year, of which 145 were on the science and technology innovation board, raising 222.6 billion yuan; A-share refinancing (including public offering, private offering, rights issue, preferred shares, convertible bonds into shares) was 1067.4 billion yuan, a decrease of 37 billion yuan. In the whole year, various entities raised 8477.7 billion yuan by issuing bonds (including corporate bonds, convertible bonds, exchangeable bonds, policy financial bonds, local government bonds and enterprise asset-backed securities) through the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges, an increase of 1279.1 billion yuan over the previous year. There are 8187 listed companies in the national small and medium-sized enterprise share transfer system [44], and the total stock financing of Listed Companies in the whole year is 33.9 billion yuan.

The annual issuance of corporate credit bonds was 14.2 trillion yuan, an increase of 3.5 trillion yuan over the previous year.

The original premium income of insurance companies was 4525.7 billion yuan, an increase of 6.1% over the previous year. Among them, the original insurance premium income of life insurance business was 2398.2 billion yuan, that of health insurance and accident insurance business was 934.7 billion yuan, and that of property insurance business was 119.9 billion yuan. All kinds of reparations were paid and 1390.7 billion yuan was paid. Among them, life insurance business paid 371.5 billion yuan, health insurance and accident insurance business compensation and payment 323.7 billion yuan, property insurance business compensation 695.5 billion yuan.

9、 Residents’ income, consumption and social security

In the whole year, the per capita disposable income of residents in China was 32189 yuan, an increase of 4.7% over the previous year. After deducting price factors, the actual increase was 2.1%. The median per capita disposable income of Chinese residents was 27540 yuan, an increase of 3.8%. According to the place of permanent residence, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 43834 yuan, an increase of 3.5% over the previous year. After deducting the price factor, the actual increase was 1.2%. The median per capita disposable income of urban residents was 40378 yuan, an increase of 2.9%. The per capita disposable income of rural residents was 17131 yuan, an increase of 6.9% over the previous year. After deducting price factors, the actual increase was 3.8%. The median per capita disposable income of rural residents was 15204 yuan, an increase of 5.7%. The per capita disposable income ratio of urban and rural residents was 2.56, 0.08 less than that of the previous year. According to the five equal income groups [48], the per capita disposable income of the low-income group is 7869 yuan, that of the lower middle income group is 16443 yuan, that of the middle income group is 26249 yuan, that of the upper middle income group is 41172 yuan, and that of the high-income group is 80294 yuan. The average monthly income of migrant workers in China was 4072 yuan, an increase of 2.8% over the previous year.

In the whole year, the per capita consumption expenditure of national residents was 21210 yuan, down 1.6% over the previous year. After deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 4.0%. Among them, the per capita service consumption expenditure was 9037 yuan, 8.6% lower than that of the previous year, accounting for 42.6% of the per capita consumption expenditure of residents. According to permanent residence, the per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 27007 yuan, down 3.8%, and after deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 6.0%; the per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents was 13713 yuan, up 2.9%, and after deducting the price factor, the actual decrease was 0.1%. The Engel’s coefficient of national residents is 30.2%, 29.2% in urban areas and 32.7% in rural areas.

At the end of the year, 456.38 million people participated in the basic endowment insurance for urban workers, an increase of 21.5 million over the end of the previous year. 542.44 million people participated in the basic endowment insurance for urban and rural residents, an increase of 9.78 million. 1361.01 million people participated in basic medical insurance, an increase of 6.93 million. Among them, 344.23 million people participated in the basic medical insurance for employees, an increase of 14.98 million; 1016.78 million people participated in the basic medical insurance for urban and rural residents. 216.89 million people participated in unemployment insurance, an increase of 11.47 million. At the end of the year, 2.7 million people received unemployment insurance benefits nationwide. 267.7 million people participated in the work-related injury insurance, an increase of 12.91 million, including 89.34 million migrant workers, an increase of 3.18 million. 235.46 million people participated in maternity insurance, an increase of 21.29 million. At the end of the year, 8.05 million people in China enjoyed the urban minimum living security, 36.21 million people enjoyed the rural minimum living security, 4.47 million people enjoyed the assistance and support of the rural poverty-stricken people, and 13.41 million people received the temporary assistance in the whole year. Throughout the year, 89.9 million people were subsidized to participate in basic medical insurance, and 73 million people were directly assisted. Throughout the year, 8.37 million ex servicemen and other special recipients were given state pension and subsidies.

By the end of the year, there were 41000 social service institutions providing accommodation, including 38000 elderly care institutions and 735 children’s service institutions. There are 8.509 million social service beds, including 8.238 million for the aged and 9800 for children. At the end of the year, there were 29000 community service centers and 393000 community service stations.

10、 Science, technology and education

The annual R & D expenditure was 2442.6 billion yuan, an increase of 10.3% over the previous year, and the ratio to GDP was 2.40%, including 150.4 billion yuan for basic research. A total of 198 projects (Topics) have been arranged for the major national science and technology projects, and 45700 projects have been funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China. By the end of the year, there were 522 state key laboratories, 350 national engineering research centers, 1636 national enterprise technology centers and 212 mass entrepreneurship and innovation demonstration bases in operation. There are 1173 state-level science and technology business incubators [54], and 2386 national record maker spaces [55]. In the whole year, 3.639 million patents were granted, an increase of 40.4% over the previous year; the number of PCT patent applications was [56] 72000. By the end of the year, there were 12.193 million valid patents, including 2.213 million domestic valid invention patents. It is estimated that there will be 15.8 invention patents per 10000 people. There were 5.761 million trademark registrations throughout the year, down 10.1% over the previous year. A total of 550000 technology contracts were signed in the whole year, with the transaction value of 2825.2 billion yuan, an increase of 26.1% over the previous year.

Table 15 patent authorization and valid patents in 2020

35 space launches were successfully completed throughout the year. Chang’e-5 was successfully launched and returned to China for the first time. Tianwen-1, China’s first Mars exploration mission, was successfully launched. The 500 meter spherical radio telescope (fast) is officially open for operation. The beidou-3 global navigation satellite system was officially launched. Quantum computing prototype system “nine chapters” has been successfully developed. The all sea deep manned submersible “striver” completed the 10000 meter deep diving.

At the end of the year, there were 852 national quality inspection centers in China. At present, there are 724 product quality, system and service certification institutions in China, and 790000 enterprises have been certified. 2252 national standards were formulated and revised throughout the year, including 1584 new ones. The annual qualified rate of manufacturing product quality [57] was 93.39%.

In the whole year, 1.107 million graduate students were enrolled, 3.14 million graduate students were in school and 729000 graduates were graduated. There are 9.675 million students enrolled in general colleges, 32.853 million students and 7.972 million graduates. Secondary vocational education [58] enrolled 6.447 million students, 16.634 million students and 4.849 million graduates. Ordinary high schools enrolled 8.764 million students, 24.945 million students and 7.865 million graduates. Junior high school enrollment was 16.321 million, with 49.141 million students and 15.353 million graduates. Ordinary primary schools enrolled 18.081 million students, 107.254 million students and 16.403 million graduates. Special education enrolled 149000 students, 881000 students and 121000 graduates. There are 48.183 million preschool children. The consolidation rate of nine-year compulsory education is 95.2%, and the gross enrollment rate of senior high school is 91.2%.

11、 Cultural tourism, health and sports

By the end of this year, there were 2027 art performing groups and 3510 museums in the national culture and tourism system. There are 3203 public libraries in China, with a total circulation of 569.53 million people and 3327 cultural centers. There are 210 million cable TV users, including 201 million digital cable TV users. At the end of the year, the comprehensive population coverage rate of radio programs and TV programs was 99.4% and 99.6%, respectively. The annual production of 202 TV series, 7476 episodes, 116688 minutes of TV animation. In the year, 531 story films and 119 science and education, documentary, animation and special films were produced. It publishes 27.7 billion newspapers, 2 billion periodicals and 10.1 billion books. It is estimated that the number of books per capita is 7.24. By the end of this year, there were 4234 archives in China, and 176.59 million volumes of archives have been opened. In the whole year, the operating income of cultural and related industries enterprises above designated size was 9851.4 billion yuan, an increase of 2.2% over the previous year.

The annual number of domestic tourists was 2.88 billion, a decrease of 52.1% over the previous year. Among them, 2.07 billion urban resident tourists, down 53.8%; 810 million rural resident tourists, down 47.0%. Domestic tourism revenue was 2228.6 billion yuan, down 61.1%. Among them, urban tourists spent 1796.7 billion yuan, down 62.2%; rural tourists spent 432 billion yuan, down 55.7%.

At the end of the year, there were 1023000 medical and health institutions in China, including 35000 hospitals, 12000 public hospitals and 24000 private hospitals; 971000 primary medical and health institutions, including 36000 township hospitals, 35000 community health service centers (stations), 290000 outpatient departments (clinics) and 610000 village clinics; and 14000 professional public health institutions, of which there were more than 10000 There are 3 384 centers for Disease Control and prevention and 2 736 health supervision centers. At the end of the year, there were 10.66 million health technicians, including 4.08 million licensed doctors and licensed assistant doctors and 4.71 million registered nurses. There are 9.11 million beds in medical and health institutions, including 7.13 million in hospitals and 1.39 million in township hospitals. The annual total number of diagnosis and treatment [62] was 7.82 billion, and the number of discharge [63] was 230 million. By the end of the year, 87071 cases of confirmed cases of New Coronavirus pneumonia were reported nationwide, 82067 cases were cured and discharged, and 4634 deaths were cumulative. A total of 8177 medical and health institutions in China provide New Coronavirus nucleic acid testing service, with a total detection capacity of 11 million 530 thousand copies / day.

At the end of the year, there were 3.713 million sports venues in China, with an area of 3.1 billion square meters. It is estimated that the per capita area of sports venues is 2.20 square meters. In the whole year, Chinese athletes won four World Championships in three major sports, creating a world record [66]. Throughout the year, China’s disabled athletes won 24 World Championships in six international competitions [67]. In the whole year, 37.2% of the population aged 7 and above participated in physical exercise regularly.

12、 Resources, environment and emergency management

The total supply of state-owned construction land in China was 658000 hectares, an increase of 5.5% over the previous year. Among them, 167000 hectares of industrial and mining storage land, an increase of 13.6%; 155000 hectares of real estate land, an increase of 9.3%; 337000 hectares of infrastructure land, an increase of 0.3%.

The total amount of water resources in the whole year is 3096.3 billion cubic meters.

The afforestation area was 6.77 million hectares, of which 2.89 million hectares were artificially planted, accounting for 42.7% of the total afforestation area. The area of grass planting and improvement is 2.83 million hectares. By the end of the year, there were 474 national nature reserves. An area of 60000 square kilometers for soil erosion control will be added.

According to preliminary calculation, the annual total energy consumption was 4.98 billion tons of standard coal, an increase of 2.2% over the previous year. The consumption of coal, crude oil, natural gas and electricity increased by 0.6%, 3.3%, 7.2% and 3.1%, respectively. Coal consumption accounted for 56.8% of the total energy consumption, down 0.9% over the previous year; clean energy consumption such as natural gas, hydropower, nuclear power and wind power accounted for 24.3% of the total energy consumption, up 1.0%. The comprehensive energy consumption per unit calcium carbide of key energy consuming industrial enterprises decreased by 2.1%, the comprehensive energy consumption per unit synthetic ammonia increased by 0.3%, the comprehensive energy consumption per ton of steel decreased by 0.3%, the comprehensive energy consumption per unit electrolytic aluminum decreased by 1.0%, and the standard coal consumption per kilowatt hour of thermal power generation decreased by 0.6%. China’s carbon dioxide emissions of 10000 yuan GDP decreased by 1.0%.

In the whole year, 77.4% of the coastal sea water quality [72] reached the national class I and class II sea water quality standards, 7.7% of class III sea water, and 14.9% of class IV and inferior class IV sea water.

Among the 324 cities that carried out regional acoustic environment monitoring, 4.3% of them had good acoustic environment quality, 66.4% had good acoustic environment quality, 28.7% had general acoustic environment quality, and 0.6% had poor acoustic environment quality.

The annual average temperature was 10.25 ℃, 0.09 ℃ lower than that of the previous year. Five typhoons landed.

Throughout the year, the affected area of crops was 1.96 million hectares, of which 2.71 million hectares had no harvest. The annual direct economic losses caused by floods and geological disasters were 268.6 billion yuan, 24.9 billion yuan due to drought, 15.4 billion yuan due to freezing and snow, and 800 million yuan due to marine disasters. In the whole year, 20 earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.0 or above occurred in mainland China, and 5 disasters occurred, resulting in a direct economic loss of about 1.8 billion yuan. A total of 1153 forest fires occurred throughout the year, covering an area of about 9000 hectares.

A total of 27412 people died in all kinds of production safety accidents throughout the year. There were 100000 employees in industrial, mining and commercial enterprises, 1.301 deaths in production safety accidents, down 11.7% from the previous year, and 0.059 deaths per million tons in coal mines, down 28.9%. The death toll of ten thousand vehicles in road traffic accidents was 1.66, a decrease of 7.8%.

notes:

[1] the data in this bulletin are preliminary statistics. All statistics do not include Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province. Some data are not equal to the total and itemized due to rounding.

[2] the seventh national census will be carried out in 2020, and the relevant data will be released in April 2021. The data on population and employment will not be released separately in the communique. The per capita indicators involved in the Communique are calculated according to the estimated population.

[3] GDP, added value of three industries and related industries, regional GDP, per capita GDP and gross national income are calculated in absolute terms at current prices, and growth rate is calculated at constant prices.

[4] gross national income, formerly known as gross national product (GNP), refers to the total amount of primary distribution income obtained by all permanent residents of a country or region in a certain period of time, which is equal to the gross domestic product plus the net primary distribution income from abroad.

[5] the energy consumption of 10000 yuan GDP is calculated according to the price in 2015.

[6] total labor productivity is the ratio of GDP (at 2015 prices) to total employment. The number of employees in 2020 is estimated.

[7] the number of migrant workers in the year includes migrant workers who have worked outside the township for 6 months or more and local migrant workers who have worked in non-agricultural industries in the township for 6 months or more.

[8] producer price of agricultural products refers to the price at which agricultural producers directly sell their products.

[9] the housing price includes the rent of rental housing, housing maintenance and management, water, electricity and fuel.

[10] there were 832 counties in poverty-stricken areas, including contiguous poverty-stricken areas and key counties of national poverty alleviation and development. In 2017, Aksu region of Xinjiang was included in the scope of poverty monitoring.

[11] high tech manufacturing industry includes pharmaceutical manufacturing industry, aviation, spacecraft and equipment manufacturing industry, electronic and communication equipment manufacturing industry, computer and office equipment manufacturing industry, medical equipment and instrumentation manufacturing industry, and information chemicals manufacturing industry.

[12] equipment manufacturing industry includes metal products industry, general equipment manufacturing industry, special equipment manufacturing industry, automobile manufacturing industry, railway, shipping, aerospace and other transportation equipment manufacturing industry, electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing industry, computer, communication and other electronic equipment manufacturing industry, and instrument manufacturing industry.

[13] the statistical scope of service industry above Designated Size includes: transportation, storage and postal industry with annual business income of 20 million yuan or more; information transmission, software and information technology service industry; water conservancy, environment and public facilities management industry; legal entity of health industry; real estate industry with annual business income of 10 million yuan or more (excluding real estate development and operation), leasing and business services It is a legal entity in the fields of industry, scientific research and technical services, education, resident services, repair and other services, culture, sports and entertainment, and social work with an annual operating income of 5 million yuan or more.

[14] the strategic emerging service industry includes the service industry related industries in the new generation of information technology industry, high-end equipment manufacturing industry, new material industry, biological industry, new energy automobile industry, new energy industry, energy conservation and environmental protection industry and digital creative industry, as well as the service industry related to new technology and innovation and entrepreneurship. In 2020, the growth rate of business income of strategic emerging service industry enterprises is calculated according to the comparable caliber.

[15] investment in high-tech industry includes investment in six categories of high-tech manufacturing industry, including pharmaceutical manufacturing, aerospace and equipment manufacturing, and investment in nine categories of high-tech service industry, including information services and e-commerce services.

[16] online retail sales refers to the retail sales of goods and services realized through public online trading platforms (online platforms mainly engaged in physical commodity trading, including self built websites and third-party platforms).

[17] the eastern region refers to Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong and Hainan; the central region refers to Shanxi, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei and Hunan; the western region refers to Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Tibet, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia and Xinjiang Northeast China refers to Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces.

[18] the output data of some products in 2019 has been verified and adjusted, and the output growth rate in 2020 is calculated according to the comparable caliber.

[19] thermal power includes coal-fired power generation, fuel oil power generation, gas power generation, waste heat, residual pressure, residual gas power generation, waste incineration power generation and biomass power generation.

[20] steel output data includes about 305.66 million tons of steel processed repeatedly by enterprises.

[21] a small amount of installed power generation capacity (such as geothermal) is not listed in the bulletin.

[22] due to the caliber adjustment, statistical law enforcement, elimination of duplicate data and other factors stipulated in the statistical investigation system, the growth and change of financial indicators of Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size in 2020 are calculated according to the comparable caliber.

[23] capacity utilization refers to the ratio of actual output to production capacity (both measured by value). The actual output of an enterprise refers to the total industrial output value of the enterprise in the reporting period; the production capacity of an enterprise refers to the product output that can be realized and maintained for a long time when the production equipment (machinery) maintains normal operation under the guarantee of supply of labor, raw materials, fuel, transportation, etc. in the reporting period.

[24] the total volume and turnover of freight transportation include the completed volume of four transportation modes: railway, highway, waterway and civil aviation, and the growth rate in 2020 is calculated according to the comparable caliber. Due to the newly established national pipeline network group and changes in the centralized statistics of some oil and gas transportation pipelines, the relevant data of pipeline transportation are still being verified.

[25] the total business volume of postal industry is calculated according to the price in 2010.

[26] the total amount of telecommunication services is calculated according to the price in 2015.

[27] fixed Internet broadband access users refer to the users registered in telecom enterprises at the end of the reporting period, who access the public Internet through xDSL, FTTx + LAN, FTTH / O and other broadband access methods and ordinary special lines.

[28] fixed Internet optical fiber broadband access users refer to the users registered in telecom enterprises at the end of the reporting period and accessing the public Internet through FTTH or FTTO.

[29] the number of mobile Internet users refers to the number of mobile Internet users in the past six months.

[30] software and information technology services include software development, integrated circuit design, information system integration and Internet of things technology services, operation and maintenance services, information processing and storage support services, information technology consulting services, digital content services and other information technology services.

[31] according to the results of the fourth national economic census and relevant regulations, the data of total retail sales of social consumer goods from 2016 to 2019 were revised.

[32] according to the fourth national economic census, statistical law enforcement inspection, statistical survey method reform and system regulations, the fixed asset investment data in 2019 is revised, and the growth rate in 2020 is calculated according to the comparable caliber.

[33] see note [17].

[34] private investment in fixed assets refers to the investment in the construction or purchase of fixed assets by domestic investigational units of collective, private and individual nature and by investigational units controlled by them (including absolute and relative holding).

[35] infrastructure investment includes transportation, postal industry, telecommunications, radio and television and satellite transmission service industry, Internet and related service industry, water conservancy, environment and public facilities management industry.

[36] in addition to the investment in real estate development, the investment in real estate also includes the self built houses of construction units, property management, intermediary services and other real estate investments.

[37] the data include the 641600 households with dangerous houses in stock and 10500 households with dangerous houses newly added in the investigation of poverty alleviation in 2019.

[38] “one belt, one road” means the “Silk Road Economic Belt” and the “maritime Silk Road twenty-first Century”.

[39] the amount of imports and exports of goods to the EU does not include UK data, and the growth rate is calculated on a comparable basis.

[40] the increment of social financing scale refers to the total amount of funds obtained by the real economy from the financial system in a certain period of time.

[41] the stock of social financing scale refers to the capital balance obtained by the real economy (domestic non-financial enterprises and individuals) from the financial system at the end of a certain period (the end of the month, the end of the quarter or the end of the year).

[42] inclusive financial loans include loans for small and micro enterprises with single household credit less than 10 million yuan, operating loans for individual businesses, operating loans for small and micro business owners, loans for farmers’ production and operation, consumption loans for poor people who set up files and cards, business guarantee loans and student loans.

[43] according to the statistics of the listing date, the amount of stock financing in Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchange includes the actual amount of convertible bonds converted into shares. The actual amount of convertible bonds converted into shares in 2019 and 2020 are 99.5 billion yuan and 119.5 billion yuan respectively.

[44] the National SME share transfer system, also known as the “new third board”, is a national securities exchange approved by the State Council in 2012. In the whole year, the cumulative financing of Listed Companies in the national small and medium-sized enterprise share transfer system does not include preferred shares, and the stock financing is counted according to the disclosure date of the issuance report.

[45] corporate credit bonds include non-financial corporate debt financing instruments, corporate bonds, corporate bonds, convertible bonds, etc.

[46] the original insurance premium income refers to the premium income of the original insurance contract recognized by the insurance enterprise.

[47] the median per capita income refers to the average per capita income of all households in the middle of the survey in the order of per capita income level from low to high (or from high to low).

[48] the five equal income groups of national residents mean that all households surveyed are divided into five equal parts according to the order of per capita income level from low to high. The families with the lowest income of 20% are the low-income group, and so on are the middle lower income group, the middle income group, the middle upper income group, and the high-income group.

[49] service consumption expenditure refers to the consumption expenditure of households for catering services, education, culture and entertainment services, medical services and other living services.

[50] the rural poverty-stricken people refer to the rural elderly, the disabled and the minors under the age of 16 who have no ability to work, no source of livelihood, and can not be supported, raised or supported by their legal obligations.

[51] temporary assistance refers to the emergency and transitional assistance given by the state to families or individuals who encounter emergencies, accidental injuries, major diseases or other special reasons and whose basic life is in trouble, and other social assistance systems are unable to cover them temporarily, or who still have serious difficulties in basic life after the assistance.

[52] including inpatient assistance, outpatient assistance and direct assistance implemented by other relevant departments.

[53] the number of beds in social service includes not only the beds in the collecting and nursing institutions, but also the beds in the relief and community institutions.

[54] the national science and technology business incubator is a science and technology business incubator approved by the Ministry of science and technology, which is in line with the provisions of the measures for the administration of science and technology business incubators, aims to promote the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, cultivate science and technology enterprises and Entrepreneurship, and provides physical space, shared facilities and professional services.

[55] the national record maker space refers to the new innovation and entrepreneurship service platform in line with the “guidelines for the development of maker space” and approved by the Ministry of science and technology in accordance with the “Interim Provisions for the record of national maker space”.

[56] the number of PCT patent applications accepted refers to the number of PCT patent applications accepted by the State Intellectual Property Office as the PCT patent application acceptance office. PCT (Patent Cooperation Treaty) is an international cooperation treaty in patent field.

[57] the qualified rate of product quality in the manufacturing industry refers to the percentage of the number of samples determined to be qualified in the total number of samples sampled by means of product quality inspection in accordance with the prescribed methods, procedures and standards. The statistical survey samples cover 29 industries in the manufacturing industry.

[58] secondary vocational education includes general technical secondary school, adult technical secondary school, vocational high school and technical school.

[59] the total number of people in circulation refers to the total number of people who come to the library venues to receive library services in this year, including borrowing books and periodicals, consulting questions and participating in various reader activities.

[60] special film refers to the way of film display which is different from conventional cinema in terms of technology, equipment and program, such as giant screen film, three-dimensional film, three-dimensional special effects (4D) film, dynamic film, ball screen film, etc.

[61] per capita Book ownership refers to the number of books published in a year that each person in the country can own.

[62] the total number of diagnosis and treatment refers to the total number of people in all diagnosis and treatment work, including outpatient, emergency, visiting, appointment for diagnosis and treatment, single health examination, health consultation guidance (excluding health lecture).

[63] the number of discharged patients refers to the number of discharged patients after hospitalization in the reporting period, including the number of doctor’s order leaving hospital, doctor’s order transferring to other medical institutions, non doctor’s order leaving hospital, death and others, excluding the number of family hospital bed withdrawing.

[64] the survey objects of sports venues do not include the sports venues of military and railway systems.

[65] the area of sports ground refers to the effective area of sports training, competition and fitness ground.

[66] was affected by the New Coronavirus pneumonia epidemic. In 2020, the number of international sporting events was greatly reduced, and the number of world champions and world record was reduced.

International competition data in 1-3 months of [67]2020 (affected by the New Coronavirus pneumonia epidemic, and ceased to participate in international competitions after April 2020).

[68] the proportion of people who often take part in physical exercise comes from the survey of national fitness activities in 2020. People who often take part in physical exercise refer to those who take part in physical exercise three times a week or more, each time lasts for 30 minutes or more, and the intensity of each exercise reaches medium or above.

[69] the total supply of state-owned construction land refers to the total amount of state-owned construction land that the municipal and County People’s governments sign transfer contracts or issue transfer decisions and complete transactions with land units or individuals in accordance with the annual land supply plan in accordance with the law.

[70] real estate land refers to the sum of commercial land and residential land.

[71] the area of grass planting and improvement refers to the sum of the area of increasing the number of forages through the implementation of sowing, planting and other measures, and the area of improving the original vegetation and ecology of grassland through salt, alkali, sand, soil improvement, fencing and other measures.

[72] the area method was used to evaluate the seawater quality in the coastal area.

Source:

In this communique, the data of urban new employment, urban registered unemployment rate, social security and technical schools are from the Ministry of human resources and social security; the data of foreign exchange reserves and exchange rate are from the State Administration of foreign exchange; the data of environmental monitoring and carbon dioxide emissions of ten thousand yuan GDP are from the Ministry of ecological environment; the data of finance are from the Ministry of finance; the data of market subject, quality inspection and State Administration of foreign exchange are from the Ministry of finance The data of standard formulation and revision, product quality qualification rate of manufacturing industry are from the State Administration of market supervision and administration; the data of aquatic product output and newly increased efficient water-saving irrigation area are from the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas; the data of timber output, afforestation area, grass improvement area and National Nature reserve are from the State Forestry and grassland administration; the newly increased farmland irrigation area, total water resources and newly increased water and soil flow The data of the area under control comes from the Ministry of water resources; the data of the installed power generation capacity, the newly added 220 kV and above substation equipment, and the power consumption come from the China Federation of electric power enterprises; the data of the port cargo throughput, port container throughput, road transportation, water transportation, the newly reconstructed expressway mileage, and the newly added carrying capacity of the port 10000 ton wharf berth come from the Ministry of transportation; and the data of the railway transportation The mileage data of newly built railway, newly built double track railway and electrified railway are from China National Railway Group Co., Ltd.; the data of civil aviation and newly added civil transport airport are from China Civil Aviation Administration; the data of civil automobile and road traffic accidents are from the Ministry of public security; the data of postal business are from the State Post Office; the revenue of communication industry and software business is from the Ministry of public security The data of increasing optical cable line length comes from the Ministry of industry and information technology; the data of Internet access number and Internet penetration rate come from China Internet Network Information Center; the data of shantytowns transformation and poverty alleviation of poor households with filing and card establishment come from the Ministry of housing and urban rural development; the data of goods import and export come from the General Administration of customs; the data of service import and export, foreign direct investment and foreign direct investment come from the Ministry of housing and urban rural development The data of investment, foreign contracted projects and foreign labor cooperation are from the Ministry of Commerce; the data of tax reduction and fee reduction are from the State Administration of taxation; the data of monetary finance and corporate credit bonds are from the people’s Bank of China; the data of financing of domestic trading places are from the China Securities Regulatory Commission; the data of insurance industry are from the Insurance Regulatory Commission of the Bank of China; the data of medical insurance and maternity insurance are from the people’s Bank of China The data of insurance, subsidy, basic medical insurance and implementation of direct assistance are from the State Medical Security Bureau; the data of urban and rural subsistence allowances, rural special poverty relief, temporary assistance and social services are from the Ministry of civil affairs; the data of preferential care objects are from the Ministry of Veterans Affairs; the national science and technology major college program, the State Key Laboratory, the national science and technology business incubator and the national record maker space The data of technology contracts and other data are from the Ministry of science and technology; the data of NSFC funded projects are from the National Natural Science Foundation of China; the data of National Engineering Research Center (National Engineering Laboratory), national enterprise technology center, mass entrepreneurship and innovation demonstration base are from the national development and Reform Commission; the data of patents and trademarks are from the State Intellectual Property Office; The data of space launch comes from the State Administration of science, technology and industry for national defense; the data of education comes from the Ministry of education; the data of art performance groups, museums, public libraries, cultural centers and tourism come from the Ministry of culture and tourism; the data of television and radio come from the State Administration of radio and television; the data of film come from the state film administration; the data of newspapers, periodicals and books come from the State Administration of press and publication; the data of archives come from the Ministry of culture and tourism From the National Archives Bureau; medical and health data from the National Health Commission; sports data from the State General Administration of sports; disabled athletes data from the China Disabled People’s Federation; state owned construction land supply and direct economic losses caused by marine disasters data from the Ministry of natural resources; average temperature, typhoon landing data from the China Meteorological Administration; crop affected area, the The data of direct economic losses caused by flood and geological disasters, drought, low temperature freezing and snow, forest fire, damaged forest area and production safety accidents are from the Ministry of emergency management; the data of earthquake frequency and direct economic losses caused by earthquake disasters are from the Seismological Bureau of China; other data are from the National Bureau of statistics.

More reading: National Bureau of Statistics: Residents’ income and consumption expenditure in 2020 National Bureau of Statistics: factory prices of industrial producers rose by 0.4% year on year in March 2019 National Bureau of Statistics: Residents’ income and consumption expenditure in 2019 National Bureau of Statistics: investment and sales of real estate development in China from January to August 2019 National Bureau of Statistics: total retail sales of social consumer goods in May 2020 Data National Bureau of Statistics: from January to march in 2019, the profits of national industrial enterprises above designated size decreased by 3.3% National Bureau of Statistics: in October 2019, the national economy will run smoothly. People’s Bank of China: questionnaire survey report on urban depositors in the first quarter of 2019. National Bureau of Statistics: income and consumption expenditure of Chinese residents in the first half of 2019. National Bureau of Statistics: operation of purchasing manager index in March 2019. National Bureau of Statistics: consumer price in March 2019 is the same as that in March 2019 National Bureau of Statistics: total retail sales of social consumer goods increased by 8.6% in October 2018 National Bureau of Statistics: business income of cultural and related industries enterprises above designated size increased by 9.3% in the first three quarters of 2018 National Bureau of Statistics: total retail sales of social consumer goods increased by 9.4% in December 2017 National Bureau of Statistics: income and consumption expenditure of Chinese residents in 2017

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