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Amazon graviton2 with self-developed processor: Amazon cloud technology in China enriches ecological diversity

The following is the Amazon graviton2 with self-developed processor: Amazon cloud technology in China enriches ecological diversity recommended by And this article belongs to the classification: cloud computing, Industry information.

In addition to the traditional Intel and AMD x86 architectures of Amazon’s cloud technology cooperation, arm architecture examples have also landed in China, which means that Amazon’s cloud technology is enriching its ecological diversity. At present, Amazon EC2 provides nearly 400 instance types, which are widely used by millions of customers around the world. It is equivalent to a traditional medium and large server manufacturer providing 400 server models.

Amazon graviton2 is mainly to meet the needs of modern applications based on microservice architecture.

Microservice architecture has become an important force

The previous architecture is basically a single architecture. All the functions and modules in the system are coupled in an application architecture. The whole application, including application and database, is on the same server.

As applications become more and more complex, a large complex software application is composed of one or more microservices. Each microservice in the system can be deployed independently, and each microservice is loosely coupled. Each microservice only focuses on completing a task and accomplishing the task well. After splitting a complex software system, the application system becomes more efficient. This is also a very hot application architecture trend in recent years.

For the server chip, the traditional x86 server architecture is not suitable for the development of micro service.

According to Zhou Ge, director of computing and storage of Amazon cloud technology’s Greater China product department, these new applications are more suitable for parallel scalable architecture, making full use of the CPU’s multi-core, multi thread and parallel processing capabilities.

Graviton2 hopes to design the best performance for every kernel for modern applications on the cloud. “So each of our cores in graviton 2 can achieve the best so-called real performance to meet the needs of these modern applications. What kind of results can customers get when they really use graviton 2 to run their modern architecture applications. We hope that each of our cores can achieve specific optimization only for these things, so that it can give full play to the best performance. At the same time, we hope to put as many independent cores as possible in a CPU, so that it can give full play to its parallel expansion ability to the greatest extent. “

(Figure: eight directions for graviton2)

Graviton2 has been applied to more and more fields. Zhou Ge said, for example, that graviton2 has been applied in eight directions, including high-performance computing, such as weather prediction supercomputing, aircraft and ship fluid design, semiconductor design, etc.

Customer requirements and cost performance drive the ecological diversity of server architecture

Because graviton2 is based on ARM architecture, people can’t help but think of arm’s previous market target assumption. Its goal is that the market share of arm architecture servers will reach 20% – 30% in the future. However, the reality is a bit cruel. At present, x86 chips still occupy most of the market share.

Gu Fan said that Amazon cloud technology understands the workload needs of customers, and has cost-effective advantages in providing cloud computing solutions. In the process of operation, it has formed the ability to design chips. Therefore, from the perspective of customer needs and cost performance, it is natural for Amazon to develop “tailored” chips suitable for customers. At the same time, Gu fan also stressed that “the pursuit of cost performance in cloud computing will never stop. Since the self-developed chip, it will go further in cost performance.”

As the second generation processor of Amazon cloud technology based on ARM architecture, graviton 2 is designed based on 64 bit arm Neover N1 micro architecture, which is the first CPU architecture of arm for data center positioning. Compared with the same configuration of X86 instance, the cost performance of Amazon EC2 M6G, c6g and R6G instances is improved by 40%.

Compared with the first generation Amazon graviton processor, AWS graviton 2 processor has achieved a significant leap in performance and function. The performance of AWS graviton 2 processor is up to 7 times of the former, the number of computing cores is up to 4 times, the cache is up to 2 times, and the memory speed is up to 5 times. Amazon graviton 2 processor has 256 bit memory encryption function running all day, and the encryption performance speed of each core is 50% higher than that of the first generation Amazon graviton processor.

Gu fan thinks that graviton 2 is preparing for two future trends. The first one is the iteration of workload in the future. For example, in the next five years, the trend of container and micro service will become more and more obvious. More and more enterprises’ workload will turn to micro service. Sooner or later, customers will need processors like graviton 2, that is, single core single thread large cache, to give full play to its performance. The second is the pursuit of cost performance in cloud computing.

The driving force of Amazon cloud technology’s self-developed chip lies in “serving the needs of modern applications in the future for computing architecture, and how to serve customers’ pursuit of cost performance in cloud computing, while CPU is only a tool.” (Ralf) read more: AWS Technology Summit 2018 Shanghai station set sail. It is estimated that there will be more than 50 technical forums and more than 6000 professionals participating in the conference, which is the highest in China for AWS technology summit. AWS China region releases financial management services to enable customers to use cloud services more economically and efficiently. The Tomcat game family lives 40 million a day Build “senseless” user experience with AWS cloud service nearly 400 kinds of “server models” of Amazon cloud service (AWS) announced the official launch of Amazon bracket quantum computing service Amazon cloud service (AWS) China officially launched two new file storage services Amazon cloud service (AWS) cloud native processor For the first time in China, Gartner’s latest report suggests that enterprise customers learn from Amazon’s digital model. Amazon’s Q4 financial report in 2020: the annual revenue of Amazon’s cloud service (AWS) reaches US $45.4 billion, and Amazon’s cloud service (AWS) helps Toyota Internet China’s Internet of vehicles Service fully implement Amazon’s cloud service AWS market The journey of “reshaping” enterprise software SaaS Amazon cloud service (AWS) fully supports the intelligent operation of more than 50 schools of world foreign education group. AWS releases Apple MacOS instance for Amazon EC2. AWS Zhang Xia: tensorflow 85% of the world’s load is on AWS platform, and the development cost can be reduced by 54%. BMW group joins hands with AWS to drive the innovation of automobile industry with data

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