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China’s urban science and technology innovation development report 2020 From Capital Institute of science and technology development strategy

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The following is the China’s urban science and technology innovation development report 2020 From Capital Institute of science and technology development strategy recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: Industry information.

Professor Guan Chenghua, President of Capital Institute of science and technology development strategy, announced the “China’s urban science and technology innovation development index 2020”, introducing the research background, calculation results and research findings of the report.

China’s urban science and technology innovation development index and ranking (1-147)

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China’s urban science and technology innovation development index and ranking (148-289)

(1) Comprehensive ranking

In 2020, the top 20 cities in the science and technology innovation development index of Chinese cities are Beijing, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Suzhou, Wuhan, Xi’an, Tianjin, Zhuhai, Wuxi, Hefei, Chengdu, Changsha, Xiamen, Ningbo, Qingdao, Jinan and Changzhou.

From the perspective of provincial regions, in addition to Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin, Jiangsu has the largest number of cities, with four cities; Guangdong ranks second, with three cities; Zhejiang and Shandong rank third, with two cities respectively; and Anhui, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan and Shaanxi have one city each.

The top 20 cities are Lincang, Ziyang, Baise, Hechi, Tongchuan, Qitaihe, Chaoyang, Wuzhong, Tongliao, Jixi, Shangluo, Wulanchabu, Baoshan, Lijiang, Shuangyashan, Yichun, Pingliang, Hegang, Longnan and Zhaotong.

(2) Ranking of provincial capitals and cities above the sub provincial level

There are 36 provincial capitals and cities at or above the sub provincial level. Among them, the sci-tech innovation development indexes of 17 cities, including Beijing, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Xi’an, Tianjin, Hefei, Chengdu, Changsha, Xiamen, Ningbo, Qingdao, Jinan and Zhengzhou, are higher than the average. Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing ranked first, third, ninth and 19th respectively.

(3) Ranking of prefecture level cities

There are 253 prefecture level cities except provincial capital cities in this report. The top 10 cities in sci-tech innovation development index are Suzhou, Zhuhai, Wuxi, Changzhou, Jiaxing, Wuhu, Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan and Zhenjiang from high to low;

The top 10 cities are Shangluo, Wulanchabu, Baoshan, Lijiang, Shuangyashan, Yichun, Pingliang, Hegang, Longnan and Zhaotong.

(4) Ranking of science and technology innovation development index of different cities

According to the notice on adjusting the standard of city scale division issued by the State Council, 289 cities can be divided into five types according to the number of permanent residents in urban areas: super cities (5), super cities (5), big cities (72), medium-sized cities (96) and small cities (111).

According to the data of 2018, the sci-tech innovation development index of megacities and megacities from high to low is Beijing, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Nanjing, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Xi’an, Tianjin, Chengdu and Chongqing;

Hangzhou, Suzhou, Wuxi, Hefei, Changsha, Xiamen, Ningbo, Qingdao, Jinan and Changzhou are the top 10 cities in the sci-tech innovation development index;

The top 10 cities in the sci-tech innovation development index of medium-sized cities are Zhuhai, Zhongshan, Zhenjiang, Huzhou, Jinhua, Weihai, Maanshan, Taizhou, Jiangmen and Yichang;

The top 10 cities in science and technology innovation development index of small cities are Jiaxing, Lishui, Chuzhou, Zhangzhou, Xuchang, Ordos, Xuancheng, Quzhou, Tongling and Jingdezhen.

(5) Eight studies found that:

1. The “epidemic” of science and technology war has achieved remarkable results, and the short board of urban resilience has been highlighted

Figure 1 other supporting means for epidemic treatment

In the form of electronic questionnaire survey, the first Academy of Sciences collects relevant opinions on the effectiveness of the “epidemic” of science and technology war from relevant professionals in the field of science and technology innovation, including employees of colleges and universities, scientific research institutes, government science and technology workers, etc.

The survey shows that the scientific and technological war “epidemic” has achieved remarkable results. From patient screening, online medical treatment to vaccine research and development, the implementation and application of scientific and technological innovation achievements has played a good supporting role in epidemic prevention and control.

At the same time, the response to the epidemic has also exposed the shortcomings of building a resilient City, such as the shortage of talents in the field of public health, the weakness of basic scientific research, the prominent problem of “disconnection between medical treatment and prevention”, the imperfection of cross sectoral and cross regional collaborative governance mechanism, and the imperfection of standardized and modular management framework and system, which lead to the lack of up-down linkage and cross sectoral cooperation in epidemic prevention and control There are many problems, such as the phenomenon of adjustment and segmentation.

2. The overall development level is low, and the central city is dominated by “C”

The overall development level of urban science and technology innovation is low. In 2020, the average of sci-tech innovation development index of Chinese cities is 0.332, and the median is only 0.2948. Among the 289 sample cities, only 102 cities have the sci-tech innovation development index higher than the average, and 187 cities have the sci-tech innovation development index lower than the average.

Central cities lead the innovation pattern. From the overall distribution pattern of China’s urban sci-tech innovation and development index in 2020, the index of urban sci-tech innovation and development in the eastern region leads the country, especially the central cities in the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and Beijing Tianjin Hebei region.

Figure 2 longitude and latitude distribution of urban science and technology innovation development index in 2020

Note: the abscissa indicates longitude, the ordinate indicates latitude, the larger the midpoint in the figure, the higher the level of urban scientific and technological innovation development, the green dot indicates that the ranking of urban scientific and technological innovation development level is higher or unchanged than that in 2019, and the white dot indicates that the ranking of urban scientific and technological innovation development level is lower.

The top 10 cities in 2020 are Beijing, Shenzhen, Shanghai, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Guangzhou, Suzhou, Wuhan, Xi’an and Tianjin. These cities are all national and regional central cities, and their sci-tech innovation development index is higher than the average level of cities in China.

3. The differentiation between the north and the south is intensified, and the southeast region is unique

We use the Theil index to measure the regional differentiation of urban science and technology innovation ability. The advantage of the Theil index is that it can measure the contribution share of intra group gap and inter group gap to the total gap.

Table 1 lists the regional differences in the development level of urban science and technology innovation in China. On the whole, the Theil index of China’s urban science and technology development level has increased significantly, from 0.058 in 2019 to 0.067 in 2020.

This is mainly due to the rise of inter regional Theil index. In 2020, the inter regional Theil index is 0.016, and the proportion of inter regional Theil index is 23.9%, which is 4.9 percentage points higher than that in 2019. This shows that the aggravation of differentiation of China’s urban science and technology innovation level in 2020 is mainly due to the widening gap between regions.

Among the top 10 cities in the index, southern cities account for 7, with a significant gap between the north and the south. In terms of the average of the six major regional indexes in China, the southeast region is the highest, significantly ahead of the rest of the country.

4. The competition of head cities is fierce, and Shenzhen and Shanghai speed up to catch up

From the coefficient of variation, the coefficients of variation of the first, second, third and fourth tier cities are 0.098, 0.137, 0.208 and 0.191 respectively. The gap of science and technology innovation development index among the first tier cities Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen is the smallest, followed by that among the second tier cities. The science and technology innovation development index of the first and second tier cities is relatively close, and the internal competition is fierce.

Specifically, the sci-tech innovation development indexes of Beijing, Shenzhen, Shanghai and Guangzhou in 2020 are 0.874, 0.780, 0.744 and 0.694 respectively. Compared with 2019, the sci-tech innovation development index of Beijing has decreased, and the gap with Shenzhen, Shanghai and Guangzhou has narrowed by 0.024, 0.003 and 0.002 respectively. The sci-tech innovation ability of Shenzhen has made significant progress.

5. New ecosphere of urban agglomeration and new infrastructure

Figure 3 score of science and technology innovation development index of China’s urban agglomerations in 2020

The research group evaluated the development level of scientific and technological innovation of 14 large-scale urban agglomerations in China. The results show that the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, Beijing Tianjin Hebei three urban agglomerations are in the first echelon, significantly ahead of other urban agglomerations.

The urban agglomerations in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, Shandong Peninsula, Chengdu Chongqing and the west coast of the Taiwan Strait are in the second echelon. At present, the central cities of the four major urban agglomerations are making efforts to speed up the construction of new infrastructure such as major scientific and technological infrastructure, planning the layout of comprehensive national science centers, striving to seize the opportunity in the development of scientific and technological innovation and become the fourth pole of the innovative development of China’s urban agglomerations .

6. Global reconstruction of innovation territory, open innovation, seize the day

Figure 4 radar chart of the first level index of urban science and technology innovation development index

Based on the radar chart, the figure above shows the mean value and coefficient of variation of four first level indicators, including innovation resources, innovation environment, innovation service and innovation performance. Among the four first level indicators, the average value of innovation environment is the highest, with an average score of 0.390, and the average value of innovation resources is the lowest, with only 0.166, which is significantly behind other dimensions, indicating that the overall innovation resources of Chinese cities are insufficient.

China’s city novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic downtown pressure on the economy is increasing, the Sino US strategic game is aggravated, and the international competition of science and technology is increasingly fierce. The innovative resources including human resources and financial resources are the main short board that restricts the development of science and technology innovation in China’s cities. In the future, we should continue to increase our openness and seek common interests with the world’s major developed economies. We should make use of the new international economic cooperation mechanism to speed up the construction of innovation community in subdivided fields, select innovative talents from a global perspective, establish a diversified, multi-level and multi-channel science and technology investment and financing system, and strive to improve the level of international science and technology cooperation and innovation resources of cities.

7. There are hidden worries about the utilitarianism of scientific research, and the modernization of governance needs to be accelerated

The report uses the output of science and technology to measure the city’s scientific research ability, and uses the per capita disposable income of urban residents to measure the level of economic development, to depict the relationship between the city’s scientific research ability and the level of urban economic development. The results show that most cities with strong scientific research ability and high scientific and technological output do not correspond to a higher level of economic development.

In recent years, the number of journal papers and highly cited papers published by scientific and technological personnel in China has ranked the top three in the world for many years in a row, universities account for more than 80%, the total number of patents has ranked the first in the world for many years in a row, and the situation of scientific and technological output is gratifying.

However, it should be noted that the investment in scientific research in various regions is booming, and a large number of awards and subsidies are issued for patent application and paper publication. Behind the rapid increase in the number of scientific and technological output, the quality still needs to be improved. A large number of papers and patents are driven by the evaluation system, and the actual application needs are not considered from the beginning of the research.

Figure 5 scatter plot of science and technology output index of Chinese cities and logarithm of per capita disposable income of urban residents in 2020

8. The “double cycle” will forge a new journey and create a new pattern in the new century

China’s comprehensive scientific and technological strength has achieved a historic leap over the past 100 years, and the innovation concept of Chinese cities has also changed from “linear innovation” to “urban innovation system” and then to “urban innovation ecosystem”.

In order to cope with the complex international situation and the obvious uncertainty of the external environment, the central government proposes to implement the smooth “double circulation” strategy to accelerate the formation of a new development pattern with the domestic big circulation as the main body and the domestic and international double circulation promoting each other.

2021 is the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. Looking forward to the next century, China is about to enter a new journey of building an innovative country, and the construction of innovative cities still has a long way to go.

By the end of 2020, China has successively signed the regional comprehensive economic partnership agreement and the China EU investment agreement. China’s urban science and technology innovation development is once again facing new challenges and opportunities. In the future, we should take the initiative to explore and form more internationally competitive institutional innovation, actively promote international science and technology cooperation and open innovation, forge a new journey and open a new pattern.

Since its first release in 2017, China’s urban science and technology innovation and development report has had a huge impact on the society and received extensive attention.

Based on the research in 2019 and according to the self-developed theoretical framework of urban science and technology innovation and development, China’s urban science and technology innovation and development report 2020 further explores the characteristics of Chinese urban science and technology innovation and improves the index system of Chinese urban science and technology innovation and development, including four primary indicators, including innovation resources, innovation environment, innovation services and innovation performance;

There are 10 secondary indicators, including innovative talents, R & D funds, policy environment, information environment, entrepreneurial services, financial services, scientific and technological output, economic development, green development and radiation guidance;

There are 21 three-level indicators, including 4 three-level indicators of innovation resources, 4 three-level indicators of innovation environment, 4 three-level indicators of innovation services, and 9 three-level indicators of innovation performance.

The report selects 289 cities at prefecture level and above in China to measure and evaluate their scientific and technological innovation development level. These 289 cities basically reflect the urban conditions of different regions, different administrative levels and different economic development levels in China. The sample covers cities of different scale levels in China, which is highly representative.

The report aims to show the degree of scientific and technological innovation development of each city, reveal the advantages and disadvantages of each city, and strive to provide valuable reference for each city to promote the comprehensive innovation development with scientific and technological innovation as the core.

The report analyzes and summarizes the experience and shortcomings of Chinese cities in promoting the construction of an innovative country, in order to continue to provide data support and decision-making reference for the country and governments at all levels.

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