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The following is the Eight technological trends change the world From Amazon CTO Werner Vogels forecasts 2021 recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: Industry information.
On December 18, 2020, as the three-week Amazon re: invent global conference is coming to a close, Dr. Werner Vogels, vice president and chief technology officer of Amazon, delivered a closing speech, sharing his prediction of the technology trend in 2021. Werner also looks back on 2020, which he says is so different that the way businesses and government agencies work and operate has changed radically. And it’s technology that helps us cope with the big changes. Online classes help children continue to receive education, online meetings replace business meeting rooms, bars and cafes, online videos let people continue to have movie nights, and technology helps people support their families, educate their children and work together, and they can enjoy themselves in isolation at home. Instead of slowing us down, the 2020 epidemic has accelerated our march towards the digital world. In his view, thanks to this accelerated change, 2021 will become the starting point for all kinds of changes. Here is his forecast for next year and the future.
1. Everywhere, cloud will be everywhere (in 2021, the push of cloud to the edge will be further accelerated)
The era when all cloud functionality is concentrated in the data center is beginning to disappear. You’ll find that cloud applications can help improve the performance of ships at sea, help airplanes cross the sky, embed Cloud Applications in cars, and enter home life. Not only data centers with dense equipment, but also in rural areas, the wild, even in the air and near earth orbit, can obtain powerful cloud storage and computing capabilities. Clouds are everywhere.
From the perspective of AWS, AWS has deployed a large number of cloud data center regions and access points, making cloud technology closer to customers around the world. AWS snowball was deployed to a research center in Antarctica near the volcano in Hawaii to collect Pb level data. AWS outposts extends the tentacles of cloud to customers’ local computer rooms. AWS local zones deploys selected cloud infrastructure closer to customer needs, helping customers in urban areas quickly reduce their burdensome data centers. In the kitchen, on bicycles in the gym, edge devices can be connected to each other with the help of AWS IOT greenrass. With the expansion of 5g network, operators began to deploy AWS wavelench area, so that applications on 5g terminals can give full play to the advantages of 5g network with low latency and high bandwidth. Great things happen when the farthest end of the network can connect to the cloud at high speed.
When the delay is eliminated, some operations that require very low latency, from autonomous driving to natural voice processing and translation, and active management of important infrastructure, no longer need to travel between remote corners of the earth and central servers, but can be carried out locally where the results are most needed. What was the result? As driverless cars become a reality, you can start a more natural conversation with Alexa, a smart voice assistant, making factory, residential and office space more efficient and flexible. What’s more, if you like to play games, no matter where you are, you don’t have to worry about the delay affecting the game experience. You can make the most of your game skills.
The concept of cloud extends from a central point into people’s daily life and work environment. More and more software originally running in the cloud will run around to improve people’s life, from medical care to transportation, entertainment, manufacturing, etc. In 2021, the advance of cloud toward the edge will be further accelerated.
2. The Internet of machine learning (machine learning extends from the cloud to the edge)
Data is exploding. Today, an hour produces more data than a full year of 2000. More data will be generated in the next three years than in the past 30 years. In 2020, scientific researchers, pharmaceutical companies, governments and medical institutions will shift all their resources to vaccine development, new therapies, and other means to help us fight the epidemic. Whether you are a data scientist or not, you will know something about the data growth curve. We need the ability to process massive amounts of data. The only practical way to process all this information, whether it’s medical or any other application, is to use data ingestion and aggregation tools, combined with machine learning models, to help us understand this information. Therefore, there is no doubt that machine learning has become the mainstream in 2020.
Machine learning has always been a heavy workload, which can only run on the most powerful hardware. But as software and chip technology advances, things are changing. Through the combination of AWS technologies, software and hardware can play a greater role than ever before.
As the cloud continues to move to the edge, more industries and government agencies will accelerate the adoption of machine learning next year. In the manufacturing industry, machine learning will be integrated into the production line to detect production anomalies in real time. In agriculture, machine learning can help farmers use valuable resources such as soil and water more wisely.
In regions of the world dominated by small farmers, such as Southeast Asia and Africa as a whole, the application of machine learning models to new application areas and the collection of data in more marginal areas will bring about revolutionary changes, which will help farmers improve their harvests and help them raise their prices.
Werner said he had visited an AWS client called Hara in Southeast Asia. Hara, based in Jakarta, Indonesia, uses machine learning to analyze data from thousands of small farmers in Southeast Asia. Data are collected in the field by personnel and equipment, including the seasonal growth cycle of the farm, how much input is needed to grow crops, and how much income can be derived from it. This analysis is helpful for farmers to obtain reasonable credit. With the global outbreak of the new epidemic, Hara is using its platform to identify the places and people who need food most, match them with farmers who own food, and find out the best logistics mode between them. The new outbreak poses tough problems for humans, but technology can help solve them.
As machine learning continues to expand, machine to machine connections will grow explosively. According to Cisco’s annual internet report, in 2018, only 33% of Internet connections were machine to machine connections. If you have an echo smart home product, or you’re looking at the rapid growth of the automotive industry, you should already see what’s going on, and there’s a proliferation of sensors and devices connecting to the cloud. Werner predicts that by 2021, the proportion will exceed 50%.
With the increase of machine to machine connection, more data is injected into machine learning model, and more customized chips for machine learning will appear. With AWS inferrentia, machine learning costs can be reduced in terms of power and computing. With the continuous reduction of cost and improvement of performance, more and more machine learning application scenarios perform operations at the edge and establish new models at the edge. This is a disruptive innovation for applications that require low latency.
A real example is the wildfires that swept through the Australian jungle or the west coast of the United States this year. In the future, machine learning models running on edge devices can help people, according to the historical fire situation, simulate the current situation on the ground every second, and predict the fire risk without returning to the central data center. The data generated by edge devices can help disaster relief agencies prevent and extinguish fires, and let us see a more accurate and faster version of “today’s fire risk” tips around the world.
As mentioned above, machine learning is applied in the field of health care to provide food for the people most in need and to cope with the impact of climate change such as wildfires. Technology, experts and decision makers and communities can work together to have a positive impact on the world around them.
3. In 2021, images, video and audio will be expressed more than words
A few years ago, in an article in Wired magazine, Werner talked about the rapid rise of voice controlled computing, the emerging user interface, which allows people to communicate with machines and people in a more natural way. In 2021 and beyond, Werner believes that keyboards will continue to decline and be phased out in a gradual manner.
Over the past year, global epidemics have isolated people from the outside world, increasingly communicating through audio, video and images. As people use more multimedia to communicate, the amount of text produced on the screen is relatively reduced. On twitter, an average of 80% of messages a day contain images or videos, or just images or videos. This summer, twitter further clarified the trend by launching audio tweets for IOS users. The rapid cost reduction and the ability to store data in the cloud have played a certain role in promoting this trend.
Enterprises should keep in touch with customers and be keenly aware of the changes in these habits. Customers will no longer rely on keyboard, mouse or other mechanical means to interact with products and services of enterprises. So companies should explore moving from keyboards to more natural user interfaces. Alexa allows customers to do Amazon shopping by voice, and its application is exciting.
The shift to a more natural way of communication also makes access to services and information more equitable. For those who have never learned to read and write, sound may be the only way they get information. In Ghana, for example, cow cube distributes vaccines, feed and veterinarians to herdsmen through simple voice commands. Disabled people who can’t operate the touch pad or keyboard can voice, let the screen display photos of last summer, order from nearby restaurants, or have smart speakers call their children.
In addition, all video, audio, and images from twitter and elsewhere will become data sources, providing new insights and producing new products and services. Take music, for example, as people transition to digital music, audio has become a source of data analysis, which can not only play songs you like, but also help you track trends and discover new artists; combine music, genre and artist’s history to match music to emotions, speech clips, or locations.
In 2021 and beyond, the use of audio, video and images will continue to replace text in all areas from social platforms to business operations, and cloud technology will play an important role in meeting this demand.
4. Technology will change the real world just as it will change the digital world
In 2020, people break into social isolation. Isolation gives people the opportunity to examine and rethink how our city works, how it breathes, how it flows. Many of the places where we live and work are based on decades of assumptions (or hundreds of years old, depending on where you live), which are no longer true or underperforming in this global epidemic.
With the help of advanced data analysis, in 2021, people will begin to think about how to better design cities that are socially isolated without feeling distant from each other. It’s going to be a real convergence of the digital and physical worlds.
For example, using advanced data analysis technology and machine learning, cities can analyze the flow of people, understand how pedestrians move under different circumstances, how to enter stadiums, grocery stores and subway stations. For many years, shopping malls have been using this technology to analyze the flow of people at specific times, allowing people to pass advertisements or promotional signs at the best of times. By adding machine learning models, we can predict bottlenecks and dangerous points before they appear.
We can predict hourly pedestrian flow and provide advice on safe commuting during the summer tourist season or winter flu season. Imagine that in a museum, with the help of these technologies, we can quickly know how to place art works, better design the toilet entrance and exit, prevent people from colliding with each other, and keep a safe social distance.
Another big shift in the real world will be in finance, where the cash in people’s pockets is rapidly disappearing. One of the biggest changes brought about by the new outbreak is the rise of cashless payments. Some bars and restaurants around the world began to ban cash. New online payment platforms are emerging, and their business is built on the cloud. Take blockchain as an example, the underlying encryption and ledger system (blockchain is a decentralized electronic ledger system) is based on the cloud. There will be more and more such payment options, and the world will further accelerate the adoption of digital technology to replace the old, centuries old payment methods.
5. Distance learning makes a place in education
In the past few years, fundamental changes have taken place in almost every industry, with the exception of education. Most educational institutions still operate in the same way as when I went to school many, many years ago. However, with the emergence of online courses such as coursera or online service chegg, and some slow changes in the way of education are taking place, the new crown epidemic has brought about a rapid and irreversible reshaping of the education sector, more than any other industry.
Werner said he recently talked to some high school students in Warsaw, Poland, who were using the social learning website brainly to complete school work and help each other through online classes. Desperate parents in the epidemic want to make sure their children are really learning in the new distance education environment. As a result, online learning tools like brainly have emerged and exploded.
During the outbreak, technology played a huge role in children’s education. Next year, when people have verified the effectiveness of distance learning, and it may be a better choice for some people, distance learning will play a more active and lasting role in education.
Another good example is the project by Kimberly Bryant, founder of the black girl code (BGC). Like all educators, Kimberly can only offer computer science courses online for girls aged 7-17 during the outbreak. In the past, the BGC classroom could enroll about 5500 students a year, but in just one month this spring, the number of students reached almost half of the annual number, with girls from all over the world. Kimberly said that BGC will no longer be a face-to-face teaching method. She has seen the scale she can reach and that she can help more girls from all over the world.
This year’s pandemic and other obvious changes have forced people to adapt. But the significance of online courses is not only reflected in the global health crisis. The choice of Distance Education (and work) at any time means that children can stay at home and attend classes when they are sick and will not lag behind their classmates. If there is no school at all, as long as the Internet is available, at least some form of education is possible.
There is no doubt that children should be sent back to the classroom for face-to-face communication, but other events may interfere. The distance classroom can make the teaching system and students of the school flexibly respond to various emergencies, whether in the event of epidemic, natural disasters or man-made disasters, can ensure that learning is not interrupted.
6. Small businesses compete for the cloud, Southeast Asia and sub Saharan Africa will become the leaders
In 2021 and beyond, a big change is that small businesses start to use advanced cloud technology to serve customers. A large number of excellent technology and service providers will emerge to serve these small businesses. Technology will help small businesses do everything from starting a chat robot to answering common questions to getting an ultra simple CRM system up and running in minutes. Small businesses can have the benefits of complex architectures and applications without having to invest time and money to build them.
This comes from the ubiquity of the cloud. Over the past year, most small businesses have experienced that, in many cases, the ability to leverage technology determines the survival of an enterprise. Few people know that only 47% of small and medium-sized enterprises in the United States have their own websites, which is expected to increase in 2021. Globally, Southeast Asian countries such as Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam, as well as Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa in Africa, are expected to lead the trend.
Before 2020, Werner spent a lot of time talking to customers around the world, listening to their stories of using technology to overcome challenges. In these areas, he saw the great potential of SMEs and was inspired by their stories. In sub Saharan Africa, 90% of companies are small businesses, accounting for 40% of GDP, and the total economy is 700 billion US dollars. In some important industries of Southeast Asian countries, small and micro enterprises account for 99%, mainly in tourism and handicraft industry. At present, the online penetration rate of these countries has ranked the top in the world. Even if the surrounding world is suspended, these small and micro enterprises can still trade with the outside world through the Internet.
Take warung Pintar in Indonesia as an example. The company connects food stores through the cloud, combining technical services with small businesses. In Indonesia, Southeast Asia and other parts of the world, street snack stands and small grocery stores can be found everywhere. They are usually operated by themselves, where they can buy cold drinks, snacks and recharge their mobile phones. Warung Pintar stores provide all of these functions, but these stores and their operations are connected to the cloud. Warung Pintar’s small store operators can realize inventory management and tracking, sales analysis, cashless payment, WiFi connection and so on through a small bright yellow box. In the past, the business of these small shops only depended on the flow of people on the roadside. Now the owners of small shops can start to understand and cultivate their customers. In the past, their stock and purchase were mainly based on intuition. Now they can analyze and understand what is the most profitable and what goods are just occupied.
As these small businesses bring their unique practices and products to the world, they are likely to break many of the business practices of developed countries. They have neither the burden of traditional technology nor the fetters of inherent ideas, so the development space is vast and infinite.
7. In 2021, quantum computing will flourish
In the past, it has been proved time and again that once the most advanced and complex technologies are popularized and made affordable, usable and understandable to the public, great changes will occur.
At the 2019 re: invent conference, AWS released Amazon braket, a fully hosted quantum computing service, to help researchers and developers accelerate research and discover the potential of quantum computing. In 2020, AWS opened the service to everyone. Before Amazon braket, only the world’s top research institutions or the most economically powerful companies could use quantum computing hardware. Now, anyone can use quantum machines for as low as $0.30.
There is no doubt that this esoteric method of calculation is still in its infancy, but that is braket’s point. In the exploration period, it is particularly important to let as many people as possible get involved in the field of quantum computing. As enterprises and institutions begin to try quantum technology initially, this kind of professional knowledge begins to go out of the academic circle. Various business plans, products and services around the future of quantum will emerge one after another. This is also the way for braket to move from laboratory to application. As we have seen in the development of machine learning, when the software ecosystem can really serve the hardware, thousands of applications will appear.
In the next decade or so, quantum computing will change many fields, such as chemical engineering, materials science, drug discovery, portfolio optimization, machine learning, etc., but these changes can only be realized when more and more people begin to imagine this future road now. Given that AWS has the experience to make advanced cloud technology affordable, accessible and understandable to all, Werner believes that 2021 will be the year when quantum computing begins to flourish.
8. In 2021, cloud technology will make the most progress in space
Werner said that in order to make science and technology realize its potential and help people all over the world live a better life, we should go all over the world and even more should go over the world.
In 2019, we launched the AWS ground station satellite ground station service. With this service, customers can control satellite communication, process data, and expand the scale of operation without having to worry about the construction or management of ground station infrastructure. This service has achieved great results, but we think this is only the beginning. I predict that in 2021 and beyond, space will be the area where we will make the most progress in cloud technology.
At present, satellite data access and processing technology has been used to help researchers track glacier retreat, maritime agencies protect vulnerable marine protected areas, and agronomists predict food supply more accurately. Meanwhile, some start-ups are exploring the use of space to develop a new generation of fast and secure networks. By making it affordable for every developer to access space, I look forward to seeing these innovations come true and help everyone grow and succeed. More reading: the Shanghai station of AWS technology summit will be launched in 2018, with more than 50 technical forums and more than 6000 professionals attending. Gartner’s latest report suggests that corporate customers learn from Amazon’s digital model. AWS announces Amazon braket quantum computing service is going online. Amazon re: invest 2020 observation 1: cloud database challenges traditional IT system Amazon sagemaker’s 40 million daily tom cat game family uses AWS cloud services to create “insensible” user experience. AWS China releases financial management services to enable customers to use cloud services more economically and efficiently. Amazon cloud services (AWS) and formula 1 jointly announced In the performance statistics of six new racing cars in 2020 season, kechuangda and Amazon cloud service (AWS) accelerate the AI deployment of intelligent industry, fully integrate the ADC system of Amazon sagemaker AWS Zhang Xia: tensorflow 85% of the global load is developed on the AWS platform, and the cost can be reduced by 54%. AWS announced that it has launched a new region in Hong Kong, and has provided 64 in 21 regions of the world AWS announced the opening of three Amazon cloudfront sites operated by Xi’an cloud data. Amazon sagemaker launched the machine learning service of Amazon cloud service (AWS). BMW group of China and AWS jointly expanded the circle of machine learning with Amazon cloud service (AWS) in data driven automobile industry to reach every AI worker
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