The following is the Global e-waste report 2020 From international telecommunications union recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: international telecommunications union, Investment & Economy, telecommunication industry .
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has released the “global e-waste report 2020”. The consumption of electronic and electrical equipment (EEE) is closely related to the extensive development of the global economy. The total weight of global EEE consumption (excluding photovoltaic panels) increases by 2.5 million tons per year on average.
In 2019, the world will generate 53.6 million tons of e-waste, 7.3 kg per capita. Since 2014, the global e-waste volume has increased by 9.2 million tons and is expected to increase to 74.7 million tons by 2030, almost doubling in 16 years alone. The growth of e-waste is mainly due to the high consumption rate, short life cycle and few maintenance options of EEE. In 2019, the largest amount of e-waste is 24.9 million tons in Asia, followed by America (13.1 million tons) and Europe (12 million tons). Africa and Oceania generate 2.9 million tons and 700000 tons respectively. The per capita amount of e-waste in Europe ranks first in the world, with 16.2kg per capita. Oceania ranked second (16.1 kg per capita), followed by the Americas (13.3 kg per capita), while Asia and Africa were only 5.6 kg and 2.5 kg per capita.
In 2019, the officially recorded recovery was 9.3 million tons, compared with 17.4% of e-waste generated. Since 2014, the annual growth of the project has been 1.8 million tons, with an average annual growth of nearly 400000 tons. However, the volume of e-waste has increased by 9.2 million tons, so the recovery activities are not synchronized with the growth rate of global e-waste. Statistics show that in 2019, the continent with the highest recovery rate is Europe, reaching 42.5%; Asia ranks second, reaching 11.7%; America and Oceania reach 9.4% and 8.8% respectively; Africa has the lowest recovery rate, only 0.9%.
The fate of 82.6% (44.3 million tons) of e-waste generated in 2019 is uncertain, and its fate and environmental impact are different in different regions. In high-income countries, waste recovery infrastructure is usually established:
About 8% of e-waste is discarded in bins and then landfilled or incinerated.
Waste products can sometimes still be renovated and reused, so they are usually transported from high-income countries to low-income countries as second-hand products. However, the amount of waste EEE or e-waste cross-border transfer accounts for 7-20% of e-waste.
Most undocumented domestic and commercial e-waste may be mixed with other wastes, such as plastic waste and metal waste.
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