The following is the 2020 national name Report From Household administration research center of the Ministry of public security recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: Life data.
The research center of household administration of the Ministry of Public Security issued the “2020 national name report”, which introduced the latest surname, name, and the use of new-born names. In recent years, China has built the largest population information management system in the world, and has achieved the information service management of the whole life cycle and the whole migration scope of the 1 billion 400 million registered residence population.
1. Name information
According to the dictionary of Chinese surnames, there are 24000 surnames recorded in Chinese characters by all ethnic groups in China since ancient times, and more than 6000 are currently in use.
According to the number of registered residence population, the “surname” in 2020 changed little compared with 2019. “Wang”, “Li”, “Zhang”, “Liu” and “Chen” still rank the top five, accounting for 30.8% of the total registered residence population.
By December 31, 2020, 10 million 35 thousand newborn babies who had been born in 2020 and had registered residence with the public security organs were 5 million 290 thousand, 52.7% of boys and 4 million 745 thousand of girls, accounting for 47.3%.
In 2020, “Li” is the most registered surname among the “Hundred Surnames”, with a total of 726000, while “Gu” is the least, with only 17000.
The report also specifically mentions multiple surnames. At present, “Ouyang” is the largest multiple surname in China, with 1112000 people.
Other common people with multiple surnames are: 88000 Shangguan, 64000 Huangfu, 55000 Linghu, 48000 Zhuge, 47000 situ, 23000 Sima, 19000 Shentu, 11000 Xiahou, 10000 Helan, 6000 Wanyan, 5000 Murong, 4000 weichi and 3000 changsun.
In addition, with the change of people’s ideas, especially after the implementation of the two-child policy in 2016, the situation of children following their mother’s surname has increased, as well as grandparents’ surnames and grandparents’ surnames. In 2020, the proportion of newborn surnames with mother’s surname and father’s surname is 1:12.
2. Name information
The report reviews the name changes in different times since the founding of new China.
When new China was founded, in order to commemorate this historic moment of great significance, many men named it “Jianguo” and “Jianhua”, while many women chose “Yinglan”.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the names of “Jun”, “Yong”, “Ying” and “Li” were common, and the continuity of the times was prominent.
In the 1980s, many people chose “Wei”, “Lei”, “Jing” and “Li” in their names, reflecting people’s pursuit of simplicity, calmness and simplicity.
In the 1990s, the names were infused with elegant cultural elements, and the words “Jie”, “Hao”, “ting” and “Xue” were more frequently used.
In the 21st century, the names of “Tao”, “Haoyu”, “Haoran”, “ting”, “Xinyi” and “Zihan” are very popular.
In terms of the length of names, three character names have always been the mainstream, accounting for more than 90% of the total, while two character names account for 6.3%.
The number of four character names and other words is less used, but it has been growing, from 0.3% and 0.4% in the 1950s to 1.6% and 1.7% at present.
Looking back on history, before the 1960s, the culture of clan and family names was deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, and names were often marked with the words of seniority, so three character names accounted for more than 90%.
After the reform and opening up, the number of people with two character names has gradually increased, reaching 27.6% at one time.
However, since the beginning of the 21st century, there are more and more duplicate names. In order to reduce the rate of duplicate names, three character names are gradually increasing.
3. The use of words in newborn’s name
In 2020, the 50 names of newborn babies who had been registered with registered residence were “Zi”, “Zi”, “Yu”, “Chen”, “Yi” and so on.
Compared with 2019, the words “Yue”, “Yi”, “Xin” and “Ke” are more popular with parents of newborns.
The 10 most frequently used male births born in 2020 registered residence were: “Yi Chen”, “Yu Xuan”, “Hao Yu”, “Yi Chen”, “Yu Chen”, “Zi Mo”, “aerospace”, “Hao Ran”, “Zi Hao”, “Yi Chen”.
Compared with 2019, “Yi Chen” was shortlisted for the first time and topped the list, becoming the first choice for male newborn parents to name, “Yi Chen”, “Yu Chen” and “Yi Chen” also entered the top ten.
The 10 most frequently used female birth babies born in 2020 were registered residence: “one Nuo”, “eno”, “Xinyi”, “Zi Han”, “Yu Tong”, “Xin Yan”, “Ke Xin”, “Yu Xi”, “Yu Tong” and “dream Yao”.
Compared with 2019, “Yinuo”, “Yinuo” and “Xinyi” are still in the top three, and “Yutong”, “Kexin”, “Yuxi” and “Mengyao” are in the top ten.
Appendix: name knowledge
Chinese name culture has a long history. In ancient times, “surname” and “surname” were two different concepts at the beginning.
The origin of “surname” can be traced back to the matriarchal clan period in primitive society. At that time, only a mother was known, but not a father. Therefore, “surname” is composed of “female” and “Sheng”. In ancient times, the eight surnames “Ji”, “Jiang”, “Si”, “Ying”, “Luo”, “Gui”, “Yao” and “Jia” all followed the female, indicating that the earliest surname was Suimu.
“Surname” was born in the patriarchal clan society. With the increasing scale of the clan, a part of the population was divided out for the convenience of management. Therefore, on the basis of “surname”, there was a “branch”, which was called “surname”.
It was not until the Han Dynasty that surnames and surnames became one and passed down from generation to generation in the mode of father to son.
In ancient times, “name” and “character” were also two different concepts. A person usually has a “name” first and then a “character”. Some people also have a number. The so-called “name is in proper style, character is in virtue, and number is in mind”.
In China’s traditional customs, “name” is defined after the birth of a baby. “Word” comes from the ethical needs of avoiding taboos and respecting elders.
The ancients took names, and the names and characters complement each other. Such as Qu Yuan, the word Ping, the original name, Ping for the word, Ping and the original two characters connected.
Many ancients also had nicknames. In the broad sense, nicknames can be divided into nicknames, nicknames and posthumous titles. In the narrow sense, nicknames only refer to nicknames. Some take their own names and others give them. For example, Su Shi is called “Dongpo Jushi”, Li Bai is called “Qinglian Jushi”, and he is also called “relegated immortal”.
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