Life data

2020 national name Report From Ministry of public security

The following is the 2020 national name Report From Ministry of public security recommended by And this article belongs to the classification: Life data.

Name, as one of the inheritors of Chinese famous culture, is a social and humanistic symbol based on blood inheritance. The civil code of the people’s Republic of China, which came into effect on January 1, 2021, clearly stipulates that a natural person has the right of name and has the right to decide, use, change or permit others to use his own name according to law, but it shall not violate public order and good customs. It is of great significance to standardize the registration of citizens’ names, inherit and develop Chinese name culture.

In recent years, the Ministry of Public Security Household Management Research Center has thoroughly implemented the strategic deployment of big data, promoted the development of population informatization and application services, and built the largest population information management system in the world, which has achieved the information service management of the whole life cycle and the entire migration scope of the 1 billion 400 million registered residence population. Since 2018, the household administration center has analyzed the status of family name, name and newborn name of the registered residence population (excluding Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan) based on the national population information management system. Now the 2020 national name report is released as follows.

01. Surnames

China is the first country in the world to use surnames, with a history of more than 5000 years. There are many Chinese surnames. According to the dictionary of Chinese surnames, 24000 surnames have been recorded in Chinese characters since ancient times. In the process of development and evolution, some of these surnames have disappeared in the long history, while others have been inherited from generation to generation, gradually forming more than 6000 surnames in use.

(1) Ranking of “Hundred Surnames” in 2020

According to the number of registered residence population, the “surname” in 2020 has little change compared with 2019. Wang, Li, Zhang, Liu and Chen still rank in the top five, and the five largest surnames account for 30.8% of the total registered residence population.

Ranking of “Hundred Surnames” in 2020

By December 31, 2020, 10 million 35 thousand newborn babies who had been born in 2020 and had registered residence with the public security organs were 5 million 290 thousand, 52.7% of boys and 4 million 745 thousand of girls, accounting for 47.3%. In 2020, “Li” is the most registered surname among the “Hundred Surnames”, with a total of 726000, while “Gu” is the least, with only 17000.

(2) Common compound surnames

Fu surname, also known as Fu surname, refers to a surname composed of two or more Chinese characters. It is a special branch of Chinese surnames. For example, “Taishi” comes from the official name, “Linghu” is named after the fief, “Dongguo” is set according to the place of residence, and others come from the occupation, ancestor name, clan, ethnic minorities’ change of surname or self creation. Although the compound surname is rare, it is not unfamiliar to everyone because it is often “preferred” by martial arts novels or film and television works. At present, “Ouyang” is the largest compound surname, with 1112000 people. Other common people with multiple surnames are: 88000 Shangguan, 64000 Huangfu, 55000 Linghu, 48000 Zhuge, 47000 situ, 23000 Sima, 19000 Shentu, 11000 Xiahou, 10000 Helan, 6000 Wanyan, 5000 Murong, 4000 weichi and 3000 changsun.

(3) Surname selection

Article 1015 of the civil code clearly stipulates that: a natural person should follow his father’s or mother’s surname, but in any of the following circumstances, he can choose a surname other than his father’s or mother’s: (1) choose the surname of other lineal elders; (2) choose the surname of a foster because he is raised by a person other than the legal foster; (3) have other legitimate reasons that do not violate public order and good customs. The surnames of natural persons of ethnic minorities can follow the cultural traditions and customs of their own nation.

In the thousands of years of historical evolution and national cultural accumulation, Chinese surnames have formed the traditional custom of “son (daughter) following father’s surname”. However, with the change of people’s ideas, especially after the implementation of the two child policy in 2016, the situation of children following mother’s surname has increased, and it also appears frequently with grandparents’ surnames and grandparents’ surnames. According to the selection of surnames of newborns in 2020, the ratio of the surname of accompanying mother to the surname of accompanying father is 1:12.

02. Name

“The name is rooted in the heart, along the fashion, and changes according to the time.”. Everyone’s name has a unique meaning. Some of them place their parents’ expectations on them, some of them reflect popular culture, and some of them are engraved with a distinctive brand of the times.

(1) Top 10 names used in different years

The changes of names in different times reflect the economic and social development, the improvement of living standards and the innovation of ideas. When new China was founded, in order to commemorate this historic moment of great significance, many men named it “Jianguo” and “Jianhua”, while many women chose “Yinglan”. In the 1960s and 1970s, the names of “Jun”, “Yong”, “Ying” and “Li” were quite common, and the continuity of the times was more prominent. In the 1980s, many people chose “Wei”, “Lei”, “Jing” and “Li” in their names, reflecting people’s pursuit of simplicity, calmness and simplicity. In the 1990s, the names were infused with elegant cultural elements, and the words “Jie”, “Hao”, “ting” and “Xue” were more frequently used. In the 21st century, the names of “Tao”, “Haoyu”, “Haoran”, “ting”, “Xinyi” and “Zihan” are very popular.

(2) Changes in the length of names in different years

At present, except for some ethnic minorities, most people’s names in China are two characters (single surname and single name), three characters (single surname and double name or compound surname and single name) or four characters (compound surname and double name). From different ages, three character names have always been the mainstream. In particular, before the 1960s, the culture of clan and family names was deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, and names were often marked with the words of seniority, so there were few two character names. After the reform and opening up, modern cultural trends continue to influence the way of naming. The concept of seniority is gradually weakened. People pursue simplicity and easy to remember. The proportion of two character names has increased from 7.6% in the 1960s to 27.6% in the 1990s. Since the 21st century, with the rapid growth of population size and the increasing frequency of population mobility, the phenomenon of duplicate names has become more and more frequent. In order to reduce the rate of duplicate names, three character names have gradually increased. At present, three character names account for more than 90%, and two character names account for 6.3%. Although the number of four character and other word names is small, it has been growing from 0.3% and 0.4% in the 1950s to 1.6% and 1.7% at present.

03. The use of words in newborn’s name

2020 is the birth year of the first batch of “post-20s”, and the most important thing for parents is to give their children a good name. In order to effectively reduce the probability of duplication and help parents to give children names, in recent years, the Ministry of Public Security launched the nationwide population name checking and other convenience functions on the Internet plus government service platform. Many public security organs such as Beijing, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Henan, Chongqing, Sichuan, Ningxia and other places also provide the local people with the name checking service.

(1) The top 50 words of newborn names in 2020

In 2020, the 50 names of newborn babies who had been registered with registered residence were “Zi”, “Zi”, “Yu”, “Chen”, “Yi” and so on. Compared with 2019, “Yue”, “Yi”, “Xin” and “Ke” are favored by parents of newborns.

The use of words in newborn’s name

(2) Top 10 names for male newborns in 2020

The 10 most frequently used male births born in 2020 registered residence were: “Yi Chen”, “Yu Xuan”, “Hao Yu”, “Yi Chen”, “Yu Chen”, “Zi Mo”, “aerospace”, “Hao Ran”, “Zi Hao”, “Yi Chen”. Compared with 2019, “Yi Chen” was shortlisted for the first time and topped the list, becoming the first choice for male newborn parents to name, “Yi Chen”, “Yu Chen” and “Yi Chen” also entered the top ten.

Top 10 names for male newborns in 2020

(3) Top 10 names for female newborns in 2020

The 10 most frequently used female birth babies born in 2020 were registered residence: “one Nuo”, “eno”, “Xinyi”, “Zi Han”, “Yu Tong”, “Xin Yan”, “Ke Xin”, “Yu Xi”, “Yu Tong” and “dream Yao”. Compared with 2019, “Yinuo”, “Yinuo” and “Xinyi” are still in the top three, and “Yutong”, “Kexin”, “Yuxi” and “Mengyao” are in the top ten.

Top 10 names for female newborns in 2020

04. Name tips

Chinese name culture has a long history. In ancient times, “surname” and “surname” were two different concepts at the beginning. The origin of “surname” can be traced back to the matriarchal clan period in primitive society. At that time, only a mother was known, but not a father. Therefore, “surname” is composed of “female” and “Sheng”. In ancient times, the eight surnames “Ji”, “Jiang”, “Si”, “Ying”, “Luo”, “Gui”, “Yao” and “Jia” all followed the female, indicating that the earliest surname was Suimu. With the increasing scale of the clan, in order to facilitate management, a part of the population will be divided out, so on the basis of “surname”, there is a “branch”, called “surname”. It was not until the Han Dynasty that surnames and surnames became one and passed down from generation to generation in the mode of father to son.

In ancient times, “name” and “character” were also two different concepts. A person usually has a “name” first and then a “character”. Some people also have a number. The so-called “name is in proper style, character is in virtue, and number is in mind”. In China’s traditional customs, “name” is defined after the birth of a baby. “Word” comes from the ethical needs of avoiding taboos and respecting elders. The ancients took names, and the names and characters complement each other. Such as Qu Yuan, the word Ping, the original name, Ping for the word, Ping and the original two characters connected. Many ancients also had nicknames. In the broad sense, nicknames can be divided into nicknames, nicknames and posthumous titles. In the narrow sense, nicknames only refer to nicknames. Some take their own names and others give them. For example, Su Shi is called “Dongpo Jushi”, Li Bai is called “Qinglian Jushi”, and he is also called “relegated immortal”.

After the end of the Qing Dynasty, especially after the rise of the new culture movement, the ancient complex names as a symbol of feudal culture gradually disappeared in the long history. However, many literary and historical allusions and traditional cultural knowledge contained in ancient names are of great significance to modern people’s naming.

2021 is the year of Xin Chou and the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. With the advent of the Chinese traditional festival, the lunar new year, I sincerely wish the people of all ethnic groups a happy new year and a happy family! I wish our great motherland prosperity and peace!

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