The following is the As of April 1, 2020, the total population of the United States is about 330 million, an increase of only 7.4% compared with 10 years ago From census bureau recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: Life data.
A few days ago, the U.S. Census Bureau released the preliminary results of the 2020 U.S. Census. According to the data, as of April 1, 2020, the total population of the United States is about 330 million, an increase of only 7.4% compared with 10 years ago, and the population growth rate is obviously slowing down《 The New York Times published a special report “the slowdown of population growth in the United States”. Combined with the reduction of the birth rate, the aging trend and the decline of the number of immigrants, it pointed out that the change of population structure will have a profound impact on the political environment, economic environment and social security of the United States.
The article in the New York Times pointed out that the slowdown of population growth in the United States will have a profound impact on its political environment, economic environment and social security
Population growth slows down
Since 1790, the United States has conducted a census every 10 years. The 7.4% increase in the total population in the census was the second lowest in history, only slightly higher than the 7.3% during the Great Depression of the 1930s《 The Washington Post pointed out that, unlike in the 1930s, in the 10 years after the end of the great depression, the population growth of the United States rebounded strongly, achieving 14.5% growth. However, the slowdown of population growth this time is a long-term trend, which is mainly due to the aging population, lower fertility rate and lack of immigrants.
According to the Washington Post, the population of the United States increased by 7.3% from 2010 to 2020, the lowest since the great depression in the 1930s
The problem of aging and low fertility in the United States is becoming increasingly prominent. According to the Census Bureau, the proportion of people over 65 years old in the total population has increased by 35% compared with 10 years ago. From the late 1940s to the early 1960s, there was a strong baby boom in the United States, and the population growth was as high as 18.5%. At present, most Americans born at that time have reached or will reach the age of 70 or above. Since then, the declining fertility rate is difficult to offset the speed of the death of the elderly population, resulting in the lack of impetus for the growth of the total population.
At the same time, immigration, as one of the main driving forces of population growth in the United States, is gradually decreasing. According to the Pew Research Center, the number of immigrants to the United States increased by 72 million between 1965 and 2015, accounting for more than half of the total population growth. However, since 2007, the number of immigrants began to decline year by year, further increasing the pressure of population growth.
According to Pew Research Center, the number of undocumented immigrants in the United States has gradually declined since 2007 (in millions)
Political power competition
The most direct impact of the census on American society is reflected in the political level. According to the U.S. Constitution, the house of Representatives is composed of 435 representatives from each state, and the number of seats in each state depends on the proportion of population in each state. At the same time, in previous presidential elections, the number of electoral votes of each state corresponds to the number of members of the state in Congress. Therefore, the results of the 10-year census will have a direct impact on the next two presidential elections.
According to the results of the census, the population trend of the United States in the past 10 years shows a trend from east to west and from north to south《 The New York Times pointed out that due to the strong economic growth in recent years, Texas and Florida have become ideal places for a large number of immigrants and even Americans, while the high living expenses of New York State and California are deterring people.
The New York Times reported that the number of seats in the house of representatives of states in the United States will change in the next 10 years after the 2020 census data
Specifically, New York and California lost one seat in the house of Representatives after the census. In addition, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Illinois each lost one seat. By contrast, the Republican vote increased by two seats in Texas and one seat in Florida. In addition, North Carolina, Colorado, Montana and Oregon each added one seat《 According to the New York Times, historically, this result is undoubtedly a “bonus item” for the Republican Party.
CNN reported that Biden and trump won the 2020 election in a variety of situations. Red states such as Texas and Florida won trump, while blue states such as New York and California won Biden
As a matter of fact, the relevant political game had already been staged before the census work started last year. Historically, the U.S. Census did not require respondents to be of U.S. nationality, so a large number of undocumented immigrants were included in the state population, which helped New York State and California and other immigrant intensive areas to play a role in the political arena. In order to help the Republican Party increase the winning chips, the trump administration has tried many times to cancel the statistics of non recorded immigrants in the census, but a series of related efforts have failed.
Economic pressure surges
In addition to the political level, the demographic change also has a profound impact on the economic level.
On the one hand, census data give people a glimpse of social changes in the United States over the past decade. Data show that the U.S. fertility rate has dropped to 1.7, and the increasing burden of living has led to fewer Americans who intend to have children. According to Diane Lin, an economist at George Washington University, high expenditure on child care and education is the main reason behind this phenomenon.
On the other hand, the trend of aging population will seriously hinder the economic development of the United States. At present, people born in the baby boom period have entered the stage of providing for the aged on a large scale. Coupled with the shortage of labor force, the proportion of labor force population and pensioners has increased from 8:1 in 1945 to nearly 3:1 at present. In this regard, the Washington Post believes that the top priority to deal with the crisis is immigration policy. If we can not continue to attract large-scale immigrants, the United States will inevitably evolve into an aging society similar to Japan, Germany and Italy.
According to the Nikkei Asia review, the population trend of the United States is a time bomb, which will delay the economic competition with China
The population structure has laid the foundation of a country’s economic development. The prominent social problems in the United States lead to the lack of power for population growth, which will further lead to the lack of power for economic development《 The Nikkei Asia review pointed out that the population trend of the United States is a time bomb, which will delay the economic competition with China.
U.S. Census Bureau: 2015-2016 U.S. population growth was less than 0.7% U.S. Census Bureau: 2019 U.S. natural population growth was less than 1 million for the first time, the growth rate hit a new low in a century U.S. Census Bureau: 2018 U.S. community survey report U.S. Census Bureau: U.S. full time working women’s income exceeded that before the financial crisis U.S. Census Bureau: U.S U.S. Census Bureau: access to the census via the Internet will save us $5 billion Vaccination U.S. Census Bureau: three pictures to understand the changes in the number of female employees in the U.S. technology industry The city of Elizabeth is the fastest growing area for start-ups in the United States
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