Life data

In 2019, China’s birth population will be 14.65 million, a year-on-year decrease of 580000 From National Bureau of Statistics

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According to the latest data of the National Bureau of statistics, China’s birth population will be 14.65 million in 2019, a decrease of 580000 compared with 2018, and the birth rate will be 10.48 ‰, the lowest after 2000. With the opening of “single two children” in 2014 and “comprehensive two children” in 2016, China’s birth rate ushered in a wave of slight increase, reaching 12.95 ‰ in 2016, the highest in recent years, but then continued to decline, not reaching the expected level, which decreased by 2.47 ‰ four years ago.

Among the 31 provinces and cities in the mainland, there are 11 provinces with a birth rate of more than 12 ‰ and 5 provinces with a birth rate of more than 13 ‰, which are respectively 14.60 ‰ in Tibet, 13.72 ‰ in Ningxia, 13.66 ‰ in Qinghai, 13.65 ‰ in Guizhou and 13.31 ‰ in Guizhou.

There are 12 provinces with lower birth rate than the national average, which are Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Tianjin, Shanghai, Beijing, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Hunan and Chongqing.

Among them, the birth rate of three provinces in Northeast China was the lowest, with Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning being 5.73 ‰, 6.05 ‰ and 6.45 ‰ respectively.

According to historical data, in 2014, the permanent resident population of Heilongjiang Province was 38.33 million, which was 20000 less than that of the previous year. It took the lead in a downward trend in Northeast China, followed by Liaoning Province in 2015 and Jilin Province in 2016.

By the end of 2019, the number of permanent residents in the three northeast provinces has decreased by 1.8255 million compared with 2013.

On February 18, the National Health Commission made a reply to the “suggestions on solving the problem of population reduction in Northeast China” by NPC deputies: Northeast China “can explore” to take the lead in fully liberalizing birth restrictions.

On February 20, the National Health Commission once again explained that the speculation on the Internet that “the northeast region will pilot the liberalization of birth restrictions” and “the birth policy will be fully liberalized” was not the original intention of the reply.

There are many reasons for the long-term decrease of population in Northeast China, which can not be solved by simply opening the birth policy. It is necessary to make a comprehensive and in-depth research and demonstration on the viewpoint of “imploring the state to fully liberalize the birth policy restrictions in Northeast China”.

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