Life data

Studies have found that poor sleep increases the risk of mental health problems

The following is the Studies have found that poor sleep increases the risk of mental health problems recommended by And this article belongs to the classification: Life data.

According to foreign media reports, teenagers sometimes get “difficulty getting up” in the morning, and it seems that they can’t wake up. But you know what? It’s really important for people’s future health to ensure that they get enough sleep in adolescence. Suppose one morning, it’s late, and your adolescent kids are still asleep.

Should you rush into their bedroom and pick them up? It’s tempting, but it’s better not to. Because there is evidence that sleep in adolescence is very important for current and future mental health.

One of the most common symptoms of adolescent depression is severe lack of sleep or serious sleep disorder. This should not be difficult to understand. After all, no matter how tired you feel, it’s hard to fall asleep if you’re preoccupied and thoughtful. It’s the same with adults. 92% of patients with depression said that they always have difficulty sleeping.

However, few people may know that sleep problems may occur earlier than depression, thus increasing the risk of mental health problems in the future. Does this mean that we should pay more attention to teenagers’ sleep? Can this reduce the risk of depression in the future?

In a study published in 2020, psychologists analyzed data collected by a large number of teenagers between the ages of 15 and 24. Those who reported in the 15-year-old times that they had difficulty falling asleep but did not suffer from depression or anxiety at that time were more likely to have depression or anxiety after reaching the age of 17, 21 or 24 than their peers.

In adults, sleep problems can also be used as a predictor of future depression. A large analysis of 34 studies that tracked 150000 people for periods ranging from three months to 34 years found that people with sleep problems had twice the relative risk of subsequent depression. Of course, this does not mean that all insomnia people will suffer from depression, most people do not. The last thing insomnia people should do is worry about their future.

But in some cases, bad sleep may contribute to mental health problems. The negative effects of lack of sleep on us are generally recognized, such as alienating relatives and friends, lack of motivation, more irritable and so on, which will affect the quality of interpersonal relationship and increase the risk of depression. Among these effects, the most important one is biological effect. Lack of sleep may lead to increased inflammation in the body, which is also associated with mental health problems.

Researchers are currently analyzing the relationship between sleep disorders and other mental disorders. Among them, neuroscientists found that this relationship does not only exist in patients with depression. In people with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, circadian rhythm (the natural sleep wake cycle) disorder is not uncommon. In some cases, the patient’s circadian clock is seriously disturbed, resulting in the patient unable to sleep at night, but drowsy during the day.

Clinical psychologists also call for more attention to sleep problems when caring for mental health. Because sleep problems are very common in the diagnosis of a variety of diseases, not limited to a specific disease. Sleep problems can be solved, but they are ignored,

In addition, even if patients first have mental problems and then sleep problems, lack of sleep may further worsen mental disorders. After all, just one night of insomnia is enough to have an obvious negative impact on people’s mood and thinking.

The complex relationship between sleep and mental health goes beyond that. Even after treatment for depression, sleep problems may not disappear, scientists have found. In general, psychotherapy can help people reduce negative thoughts and make it easier for them to fall asleep. But just last year, a team of clinical psychologists experimented with three different treatments for depression. The results showed that the three treatments were equally effective in reducing depression, but only half of the patients’ sleep problems were solved, and the other half were still trapped by insomnia, indicating that the latter’s insomnia was independent of depression and needed to be solved separately.

Having said that, sleep disorders and psychological problems may be caused by the same reasons, such as traumatic events or negative experiences, prone to excessive reflection, or various genetic factors. Studies have shown that genes associated with serotonin and dopamine pathways, as well as genes that affect a person’s biological clock, are all factors that can cause sleep disorders and depression.

And we have observed that insomnia and mental problems will play a role in mutual reinforcement and further deterioration of each other. You feel stressed, so it’s hard to fall asleep; you lack sleep, so it’s more stressful Such a cycle alternates, and the disease will continue to escalate.

Another possibility is that lack of sleep is not a cause of subsequent depression, but rather a warning sign. In some cases, the first symptom of a mental illness is the inability to forget about it.

From a biological point of view, the best way to break the causal network between insomnia and mental illness is to understand the influence of circadian rhythm disorder on the brain. We need to examine the complex relationships between multiple genes, brain regions, and neurotransmitters in order to understand where the problem lies.

Therefore, more attention should be paid to persistent insomnia in both adolescents and adults. Sleep interventions are generally simple and direct, and sometimes successful. A large-scale analysis of 49 studies showed that after solving the sleep problems of insomnia patients with depressive symptoms, the sleep quality of patients not only improved, but also the depressive symptoms were relieved.

A large-scale oasis trial (Oxford access for students improving sleep) was conducted in 26 universities in the UK. The results showed that the application of digital cognitive behavior therapy to students with insomnia could not only improve their sleep, but also reduce the incidence of hallucinations and delusions.

The key question is whether sleep intervention can fundamentally prevent the occurrence of mental problems? To solve this problem, we need to carry out large-scale long-term experiments. One of the advantages of early intervention on sleep problems is that insomnia is less stigmatized, so compared with mental illness, it is easier to persuade people to accept treatment.

At the same time, people who suffer from insomnia might as well try the following methods: get enough light in the daytime (for most people, the light in the morning is particularly important), do not take a nap for more than 20 minutes, do not eat, exercise or take caffeine drinks in the evening, try not to read email or discuss stressful topics in bed, and keep the bedroom cool and quiet And try to get up and go to bed at the same time every day.

Of course, improving sleep quality alone is not enough to solve mental problems. So in the long run, can this also bring some changes? If not, there is nothing happier than a good night’s sleep. I believe every teenager who lacks sleep has a deep understanding of this

Read more: University of California: sleep an extra hour a week, pay rises 5 percent, study finds lack of sleep is more likely to risk catching a cold Orange light is good for sleep Guardian: tracking sleep cell phone programs or making you lose sleep research shows a significant association between late night cell phone play and poor sleep Durham & Peking University: research shows healthy sleep or reduced risk of cardiovascular disease University of Helsinki: research finds sleep rhythm varies with age, geographic location and gender Michigan State University: Research Finding that sleep deprivation affects all aspects of life circulation: research finds that people with the healthiest sleep patterns have a 42% lower risk of heart failure Oxford University: research finds that sleeping is more enjoyable than earning more sleep medicine: research finds that 75% of people are seriously sleep deprived and can’t get enough sleep on weekends York University: research shows that sleep deprivation may lead to negative and intrusive effects Sleep deprivation increases the risk of heart disease. European Journal of preventive cardiology: poor sleep quality and chronic stress have more severe effects on patients with high blood pressure. University of Washington School of Medicine: sleep deprivation accelerates brain damage and leads to dementia

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