The following is the Report on the comprehensive development index of China’s software and information technology service industry in 2020 From Ministry of industry and information technology recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: Ministry of industry and information technology, Network software.
In the past five years, the development index of China’s software industry (hereinafter referred to as “software service industry”) was 138.5, which was the highest in China. Among them, the technological innovation index continues the trend of the highest contribution rate to the growth of the national comprehensive development index, which shows that the development trend of the software industry driven by technological innovation is becoming more and more significant; the industrial scale efficiency has been comprehensively improved, and the average annual growth rate of business income exceeds the expected goal of the 13th five year plan of the software industry; the integration with the economy and society has further developed in depth, laying a solid foundation for the construction of Digital China Build a solid foundation.
1、 Performance of comprehensive development index of national software industry
In 2020, the comprehensive development index of China’s software and information technology service industry will continue to use the index system of last year, with a total of 5 first level indicators and 13 second level indicators of scale efficiency, technological innovation, structural optimization, development environment and support services. The national comprehensive development index adopts the fixed base method, selects 2014 as the base period, and sets the 2014 comprehensive development index as 100. Through vertical comparison, it reflects the annual comprehensive changes and development trend of the national software industry (see Figure 1).
This year, the national comprehensive development index reached 138.4, an increase of 9.5 over the previous year. In the past five years, the average annual increase rate is 7.7, which shows that the comprehensive development of China’s software and information technology service industry presents a sustained and good development trend.
Figure 1 national comprehensive development index since 2014
Among the first level indicators, the technological innovation index and the scale efficiency index have made outstanding contributions to the national development index, with the contribution rates reaching 33.8% and 22.1% respectively; the development environment index has increased the fastest, reaching 120.3, with an increase rate of 16.0; the other two indicators have also achieved steady improvement (see Table 1). The changes of the first level indicators in the past five years are shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2 sub index from 2014 to 2019
In 2019, the development of China’s software industry presents the following characteristics:
The first is the rapid growth of scale efficiency and the simultaneous improvement of quantity and quality in industrial development. The scale efficiency index was 136.4, up 8.4 over the previous year, and its contribution rate to the national development index was 22.1%, of which the scale development index increased the most, up 15.7 over the previous year. The development momentum of domestic digital economy is strong, driving the growth of emerging industries, accelerating the digital transformation of traditional industries, and ushering in a new round of development opportunities for software industry. In 2019, the software business revenue of China’s software industry will reach 7.2 trillion yuan, with an average annual growth of 14.3% from 2016 to 2019, 1.3 percentage points higher than the planned target (see Figure 3); the efficiency level will grow steadily, and the profit margin of the main business of software will reach 11.3% (see Figure 4); the international competitiveness will be further enhanced, and Chinese enterprises will occupy three of the top six enterprises in the global cloud computing market share（ Alibaba cloud, Tencent cloud and Huawei cloud).
Figure 3 China’s software business revenue from 2014 to 2019
Figure 4 benefits of software industry from 2014 to 2019
Second, technological innovation has become increasingly active, and progress has been made in key technologies. The technological innovation index was 165.0, ranking first in the first level index, up 12.8 over the previous year, and its contribution rate to the national development index was 33.8%. Among them, the basic innovation improvement index achieved rapid growth, up 9.7 over the previous year. The process of independent innovation of China’s software industry has accelerated, the level of R & D investment has increased year by year, and new progress has been made in core key technologies. The annual software R & D investment intensity was 8.4%, 0.5% higher than that of the previous year; the software copyright registration volume exceeded 1.48 million, and the growth rate remained above 30% for five consecutive years (see Figure 5). The international patent application volume of software enterprises in the communication field has ranked the top in the world. In the field of core key technologies, China’s independent research and development of the Hongmeng operating system (harmonyos), unified operating system (UOS) have been launched, industrial R & D design software (CAE) technology has made new breakthroughs, and the distributed relational database oceanbase has broken the world record of database benchmark performance test.
Figure 5 software copyright registration in China from 2014 to 2019
Third, the transformation and upgrading of cloud computing has been accelerated, and the cultivation of large enterprises has achieved remarkable results. The structural optimization index was 115.0, an increase of 5.3 over the previous year, accounting for 12.9% of the increase in the national development index. Among them, the growth rate of cloud transformation index was the largest, up 14. The business income of software enterprises through cloud services, big data services, platform operation and other business forms accounts for more than 20% of the software business income. Cloud services accelerate the collaborative development in the direction of scale range, industry verticality depth and value continuation length, and promote the expansion of cloud service application from Internet industry to traditional industry. In 2019, the top 100 enterprises in software business achieved a total revenue of 821.2 billion yuan, accounting for 11.4% of software business revenue. Among them, 14 enterprises with software business revenue of more than 10 billion yuan, an increase of 1 over the previous year. Leading enterprises are playing an increasingly leading role, and 14 software enterprises have been selected into the “top 100 Forbes Global Digital Economy in 2019”.
Fourth, the policy dividend continues to release, and the talent siphon effect appears. The development environment index was 120.3, an increase of 16.0 over the previous year, accounting for 20.2% of the increase in the national development index. Among them, the policy environment index increased the most, up 26.9% over the previous year. With the great attention and strong support of the state, the policies to promote the development of software industry have been continuously refined, and special documents in software related fields have been issued successively, such as “cloud computing service security assessment method” (No.2 in 2019), “5g + industrial Internet” 512 project promotion plan (No.78 in 2019) and so on, and the preferential income tax policies for integrated circuits and software enterprises have been extended, which will be implemented in 2019 In, the proportion of tax refunded for software enterprises enjoying preferential policies in tax payable was 22.6%, 4.6 percentage points higher than that of the previous year. The supply capacity of industrial talents has been continuously improved. The number of electronic information and computer graduates in the whole year accounted for 10.5% of the total number of graduates nationwide, up 0.5 percentage points over the previous year. The average annual wages of information transmission, software and information technology service industries ranked first among the average wages of Urban Non private sector employees by industry. Good talent development environment accelerates the siphon effect of industrial talents.
Fifth, support the improvement of service quality and efficiency, and help the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries. The support service index was 147.5, an increase of 7.0 over the previous year, accounting for 11.0% of the increase in the national development index. Among them, the growth rate of e-commerce application index was the largest, up 27% over the previous year. The penetration level of e-commerce platform technical services in the traditional retail field is constantly improving. The proportion of e-commerce online retail sales in the retail sales of social consumer goods in the whole year is 25.8%, 2.2 percentage points higher than that of the previous year (see Figure 6). The software industry has accelerated the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, the popularity of digital workshops and intelligent factories has gradually increased, and the construction of industrial Internet platform ecology has accelerated, forming 10 cross industry and cross domain platforms involving steel, energy, chemical, machinery, household appliances and other fields. As the core element of industrial Internet, the potential of domestic demand of industrial software has been released continuously, and the annual income of industrial software has achieved rapid growth.
Figure 6 development of e-commerce application in China from 2014 to 2019
2、 Opportunities and challenges
At the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, it is proposed to adhere to the core position of innovation in the overall situation of China’s modernization construction, and take scientific and technological self-reliance as the strategic support for national development. During the “14th five year plan” period, the development of digital economy, the “renewal” of preferential tax policies, and the acceleration of innovation and application of emerging technologies will provide important support conditions for the upgrading and expansion of the software industry. The development of China’s software industry has entered a critical period of integration, innovation, and rapid iteration.
At the same time, we should also see that there are still prominent problems in the operation and development of the software industry: first, the input-output imbalance in the early stage of industrial integration application project. With the integration of software industry and various fields, software enterprises are faced with the challenges of large investment in the early stage of the project, and the short-term benefits are not significant. Second, the existing software technology can not meet the needs of in-depth development of applications. With the continuous deepening of the application of Internet of things and digital transformation, new development needs are put forward for China’s existing software technology. We should further improve the computing power ability of China’s software technology and the supply capacity of core key technologies. Third, the supply of talents in emerging fields is insufficient. With the rapid development of software industry, under the dual pressure of high technology threshold and wider emerging demand, the gap of core technical talents in emerging fields such as cloud computing, artificial intelligence and big data is further expanding.
In view of the existing problems of the industry, we should continue to promote the high-quality development of the software industry from the following aspects:
First, actively implement relevant policies and increase support for pilot demonstration projects. We will actively implement the preferential policies of “two exemptions and three halves” for software enterprise income tax, and track and solve the practical problems encountered in the implementation of the policies. We will increase support for pilot and demonstration projects in key areas, make overall use of relevant resources, and strengthen support for small and medium-sized software enterprises.
Second, increase investment in innovation and R & D, and build an efficient supply system of software technology. Strengthen the key core technology research, adhere to the complementary board and the extension board, guide and drive social forces to increase investment in technological innovation and R & D; take application as the traction, speed up the construction of software technology innovation platform carrier, promote the development of software technology integration innovation, and improve the supply level of key core technology.
The third is to improve the training mechanism of software talents and speed up the training of talents in emerging fields. Focus on the development focus of China’s software industry, improve the talent training mechanism of school enterprise industry education integration, build a high-quality talent team with software industry characteristics, encourage and support colleges and universities to strengthen the construction of curriculum system in new technology, new mode and new format fields, and accelerate the cultivation of high-level compound talents in emerging fields.
Note: the data in the report are all from the Ministry of industry and information technology and local industry and information technology authorities, except for “average wage of Urban Non private sector employees by industry” (from the National Bureau of Statistics), which is based on the annual report data of software and information technology service industry in 2019.
Read more: MIIT: Main Indicators of software and information technology service industry from January to July 2020 MIIT: statistical bulletin of software and information technology service industry from January to November 2020 MIIT: Main Indicators of software and information technology service industry from January to November 2020 MIIT: Main Indicators of software and information technology service industry from January to November 2020 Ministry of industry and information technology: statistical annual report of software and information technology service industry in 2019 Ministry of industry and information technology: completion of main economic indicators of software and information technology service industry from January to July 2013 Ministry of industry and information technology: Main Indicators of software and information technology service industry from January to November 2020 Ministry of industry and information technology: business income of China’s software industry from January to may 2019 is 2.63 trillion yuan Year on year increase of 14.7% MIIT: in q1-q3 of 2018, China’s software and information technology service industry completed software business income of 4499 billion yuan MIIT: economic operation of software industry in 2017 MIIT: economic operation of China’s software industry from January to July of 2013 MIIT: economic operation of China’s software industry from January to October of 2013 MIIT: economic operation of software industry from January to May of 2015 MIIT: mid-2015 Development report of top 100 enterprises in China’s software business
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