The following is the Report on gender pay gap in China’s workplace in 2021: the average salary of urban employed women is 75.9% of that of men From Boss direct employment recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: Online recruitment.
On March 8, the boss direct employment Research Institute released the 2021 report on gender pay gap in China’s workplace. The content shows that in 2020, the average salary of urban employed women is 6847 yuan, which is 75.9% of the average salary of men, and the salary gap is widening; the higher the salary level, the greater the difference between men and women.
Chang Meng, President of boss direct employment research institute, pointed out that a large number of studies have shown that there is no difference in professional ability between women and men, and their work performance is more stable. However, in the past few years, women’s salary level has always fluctuated around 80% of men’s. it is of great significance for enterprises and social development to enhance women’s professional dignity and employment equality, create more promotion opportunities for women, and give full play to the value of women’s human capital.
According to the report, the main factors affecting the pay level of men and women are position (73.4%), work experience (54.7%) and industry (18.3%). The length of education is still the only factor that can narrow the pay gap between men and women. The salary difference caused by different positions mainly comes from the development characteristics of different positions and the low proportion of women in management positions, while the difference caused by work experience comes from the “glass ceiling” effect.
At the same time, the gender pay gap of low education groups is also widening. In the past, the pay gap between men and women will increase with the length of service and education level. In 2020, industries with a high proportion of female workers, such as life service industry and tourism industry, will be greatly impacted by the epidemic. Due to various restrictions such as physical strength and employers’ preferences, it is difficult for the affected women in these industries to enter the fields of takeout, express delivery and online car Hailing as quickly as men, forming a buffer, thus further widening the pay gap between men and women.
The report points out that since 2010, the proportion of women in higher education has surpassed that of men, and this trend will continue in the future. In the first two months of 2021, the proportion of active female job seekers with bachelor degree or above has reached 41.9%, 6.7 percentage points higher than that of men.
“In the future, women in the workplace will present the dual” high “characteristics of high education and high quality.” Chang Meng, President of boss direct employment research institute, believes that with the information barrier between market positions and talent supply gradually broken, women’s career choices increase, and the more equal the salary and environment, the more attractive the industry is to women.
Take the Internet / it and electronic communication industries as an example. While the proportion of female workers in these industries has increased, the average salary of women has also increased the most, reaching 4.0% and 2.7% respectively. According to the report, the average expected salary of women in automation test engineer positions in 2020 is 18.8% higher than that of men. Although only 17.9% of the technical posts are women, more than 25% of the graduates and interns with less than one year working experience expect to develop in the field of digital technology. Among the new employees in the workplace, the average expected salary of women is only 7.5% lower than that of men.
Chang Meng said that with the increasing number of women studying stem majors (Science, technology, engineering, Mathematics), digital technology jobs are expected to become the forefront for women to break the occupational barriers and income gap.
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