research reportStrategic emerging industries

2021 smart city white paper From CiC

The following is the 2021 smart city white paper From CiC recommended by And this article belongs to the classification: Strategic emerging industries, research report.

Recently, the white paper “relying on smart services to create a new smart city – smart city in 2021” (hereinafter referred to as “white paper”) jointly prepared by the national industrial information security development research center, Lenovo Group, China Industrial Internet development alliance and industrial big data analysis and integration application laboratory was officially released. The white paper uses case analysis, empirical analysis, research analysis and other research methods to deeply analyze the development process and internal laws of smart city in China. According to the current development of smart city, it puts forward a series of new ideas, new architecture and new suggestions for the construction of smart city, aiming at building a new smart city with advanced application technology, good social benefits and friendly ecological environment Provide reference.

Expanding the connotation of new smart city with development practice

The new smart city construction is a new city construction and development mode that is further implemented in Xi Jinping’s new era China characteristic socialism thought, combines the reality of city development in China, complies with the trend of information and city development, adapts to the new normal economic development, cultivates new growth points, and enhances the development of new kinetic energy. In April 2016, general secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the Forum on net letter work that “we should promote modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity with information technology, and develop e-government as a whole, build an integrated online service platform, and promote the construction of new smart city by classification and classification”. In March 2020, general secretary Xi Jinping visited Zhejiang to point out that through big data, cloud computing and artificial intelligence, the modernization of city governance can also become more intelligent city.

The white paper combs the stages of smart city development in China from 2008, such as exploration period, adjustment period, breakthrough period and all-round development period. In these stages, smart city has a wide range of service objects and services, but the core line is to “use the new generation of information technology” to improve the City service quality. After the impact of the epidemic in 2020, smart cities have been tested in practice, but there is still a lot of room for progress. In the post epidemic period, the construction of smart city has a new development orientation in innovation and collaboration, service for the people, data sharing, industry empowerment, emergency security and other aspects.

The white paper points out that the new smart city in the future may present the following characteristics: “advanced technology + full service” will become the new starting point of the smart city; “digital space + real space” will become the new foothold of the smart city; “inclusive livelihood + ecological harmony” will become the new goal of the smart city.

“Cloud intelligence” architecture of end-to-side network helps to optimize government, develop industry and benefit people

The construction logic of the new smart city needs to start from the top, combined with the ability of software and hardware resources integration, to provide the public with one-stop service management in the whole life cycle. From the perspective of technology, the white paper divides the overall framework of smart city into three levels: development strategy level, technology implementation level and target effectiveness level. In other words, the new smart city is guided by the city’s strategic positioning, construction planning, measure guarantee and organization cooperation. Through the technical framework of “end side network cloud intelligence”, it achieves the goal of efficient management, convenient service, industrial development and ecological harmony, and achieves a new mode of deep integration and iterative evolution of the new generation of information technology and urban modernization.

Among them, “end edge network cloud intelligence”, as the technology implementation layer of the new smart city, contains a huge space for innovation and development, and is expected to become an important innovation achievement in the technology application direction of China’s smart city. “End” is the intelligent terminal, which is responsible for collecting, storing and transferring data. It is the intelligent unit of smart city for the main body of the city. “Edge” is edge computing. In the era of intelligence, the explosive computing demand and application of massive data, low latency and flexible deployment requirements make the computing power sink inevitable, and edge computing emerges as the times require. “Network” is the data transmission network represented by 5g, which is the adhesive to promote the collaborative work of end, edge and cloud. “Cloud” is cloud computing, which is a device service based on network to realize data operation and sharing between heterogeneous devices. “Intelligence” is the industry intelligence solution, which is oriented to different segmentation scenarios of smart city. Based on the four layer structure of “end, edge, network and cloud”, it supports different levels of data computing and analysis interaction according to business needs, industry knowledge and computing ability.

Smart city construction is an important aspect of connotative urbanization development, including intelligent social management, informatization of national economy, automation of environmental maintenance and convenience of life services. Efficient management, convenient service, industrial development and ecological harmony are the development goals of the new smart city. The white paper focuses on the analysis of typical cases such as Wenchang intelligent education, Yanqing intelligent energy, Shanghai imperial crab traceability, etc., and shows the outstanding achievements of the new smart city in the aspects of Excellent Governance, industrial development, and benefiting the people. It is reported that with its leading IT operation and maintenance service experience and coverage network, Lenovo’s smart city service construction projects have been implemented in Shanghai, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Fujian, Hubei, Hainan, Hebei and other provinces and cities across the country, and involved in green energy, social security management, urban emergency management, smart education, smart transportation, food safety, smart government and other segmentation scenarios. During the preparation of the white paper, Lenovo has provided support for the construction and operation practice and case study of smart city.

The development focus of new smart city will shift from construction to operation

The white paper also predicts the future development of smart cities, and holds that in the process of the integration of new infrastructure and new technologies in the future, urban governance may gradually complete the transformation from “management oriented” to “service-oriented”. As a huge urban service product, smart city needs to focus on enhancing residents’ sense of belonging to the city, improving the quality of urban life, and promoting the development of urban industrial economy. In the future, smart cities will focus on institutional mechanisms, development ideas and interactive forms. The coming changes will include: the change of governance ideas from “urban digitalization” to “digital city”; the change of stage focus from “building a smart city” to “operating a smart city”; the upgrading of interaction form from “connection between people” to “interconnection of all things”.

The white paper comes at a time when the fourteenth five year plan has been approved and officially released. The plan clearly puts forward that “digitalization can boost urban and rural development and governance model innovation, and comprehensively improve operational efficiency and livability. We will promote the construction of a new smart city at different levels and categories, integrate the Internet of things sensing facilities and communication systems into the unified planning and construction of public infrastructure, and promote the application and intelligent transformation of municipal public facilities, buildings and other Internet of things. The new smart city construction is about to enter a new stage. Based on the analysis of real cases, combined with theoretical and structural research, the white paper forms a relatively complete framework of smart city system and outlines the possible development path in the future, which is one of the important references for the new smart city construction.

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