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The following is the 2030 new energy vehicle battery recycling economy potential Research Report From Greenpeace recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: New energy vehicle industry, research report.
In the past three decades, the global output of various metals has doubled, among which the output of lithium, which is used to produce batteries, reached as much as five times of that in the 1980s. In addition to the surge in production, all kinds of metal materials used in modern science and technology products have also reached a historical peak. In the 1980s, only 12 metals were needed to make a calculator. Now, as many as 21 metals are needed to make a smartphone. The world economic forum calls on the whole world to recognize the challenges brought by the linear production and consumption pattern of “production use waste” to the society as soon as possible. It is the inevitable development direction in the future to develop the circular economy mode, make the resources be recycled and reduce the exploitation of primary resources.
New energy vehicle is one of the most representative products in the era of high resource intensity.
Since 2010, under the dual role of investment promotion and policy incentives, the wave of electric vehicles has risen in the world. Although many governments regard the promotion of electric vehicles as a policy direction to get rid of fossil energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, new energy vehicles are not a panacea without side effects. The production and processing of a large number of power batteries has become a new problem in terms of environmental protection and resource pressure alleviation.
Tesla CEO musk once said that even if he added orders to all battery suppliers including Panasonic, LG Chemical and Ningde times, Tesla would still face a very serious shortage of battery supply by 2022. The risk of battery supply mainly lies in the limited resources of raw materials (mainly lithium, cobalt, manganese and nickel) for battery production, especially cobalt, which has been in short supply in recent years. With the rapid development of the global new energy vehicle industry, the supply of key resources in the power battery will be a must for all automobile manufacturers.
According to the latest report of Greenpeace and China Environmental Protection Federation, an international environmental protection organization, published on October 29, 2020, Research Report on the recycling economy potential of new energy vehicle batteries in 2030 (hereinafter referred to as the report), the research team pointed out that there will be more than 2.1twh in 2030 The power batteries are sold with passenger electric vehicles, and the power of these batteries can meet the half month power demand of the whole country in Singapore once they are fully charged. Over the same period, more than 1.1 TWH power batteries will be sold with new energy vehicles in China. By then, the world and China will also face the first wave of large-scale decommissioning of power batteries.
The research team calculates that the total number of retired power batteries of passenger electric vehicles in the world will reach 12.85 million tons, equivalent to the total weight of 1285 Eiffel towers, from 2021 to 2030, based on the condition that 20% of the power is lost during the service period of 5-8 years. In the same period, the total amount of new energy vehicle power battery decommissioning in China will reach 7.05 million tons, equivalent to the weight of 168 bird’s Nest stadium steel structures. The retired power battery may be not only a rich energy carrier, but also a heavy environmental burden, which will depend on what kind of treatment strategy we adopt.
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