The following is the China’s experience contributes to global agricultural development and rural poverty reduction From Ministry of Commerce Research Institute recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: Chinese economy, research report.
On February 25, 2021, Chinese President Xi Jinping said that China has made great achievements in tackling poverty and tackling key problems in China. It has created a sample of China for poverty alleviation and has made a significant contribution to the global poverty alleviation.
At the end of last year, China completed the task of poverty alleviation in the new era as scheduled. So far, all the rural poor people have been lifted out of poverty under China’s current standards, and absolute poverty and regional overall poverty have been eliminated. The world’s largest developing country has created a miracle in the history of human poverty reduction. China’s experience and practice enlighten the world. U.N. Secretary General Guterres said that the targeted poverty alleviation strategy is a way to help the poor people and achieve the grand goal set in the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. China’s experience can provide useful reference for other developing countries.
On February 22, the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce released a report entitled “China’s experience contributes to global agricultural development and rural poverty reduction research work report — Taking Alibaba’s” 1000 US dollars per mu “as an example”. The report summarizes China’s global contribution to poverty reduction and discusses China’s successful experience in poverty reduction exported to the world.
From China’s rural poverty alleviation experience, digital agriculture is a key channel for improving the quality and efficiency of agricultural products, the report said. Specifically, the traditional agricultural model of most developing countries is that “farmers only plant the land and depend on the weather for food”, which lacks the close connection of planting, processing, circulation and sales. As a result, it is difficult for agricultural products and hundreds of millions of small farmers to connect with large market channels, resulting in unsalable characteristic agricultural products.
With the rapid development of information technology in the world, the effectiveness of rural e-commerce in poverty alleviation has been recognized by the society. Under the guidance of the concept of “Internet plus”, the realization of the “upstream and widening channels of agricultural products” can help farmers effectively get rid of poverty by using data superiority. The Chinese government continues to promote favorable policies and encourages e-commerce enterprises as private sectors to participate in agricultural poverty alleviation in a more mature and effective manner, which has achieved successful experience and has certain reference significance for poverty alleviation efforts of other developing countries.
How to do it? The report mentions a term: “1000 US dollars per mu.”.
What is “1000 dollars per mu”? This term is aimed at the phenomenon of “high yield but not good harvest” due to the inability to effectively connect agricultural products and markets, and seeks solutions through digital e-commerce to help agriculture. The proponent of the plan, Alibaba group, said: “Mr. Yuan Longping has achieved a per mu yield of 1000 Jin, and Internet technology has to strive to achieve a per mu yield of 1000 US dollars.”
The “1000 US dollars per mu” program aims at small-scale farmers, takes agricultural upgrading and poverty alleviation as the goal, and systematically integrates the value chain of agricultural products as the way to promote the quality and efficiency of agricultural products and achieve high added value of agriculture. This plan was proposed by Alibaba in August 2017. Through the resource aggregation effect of Alibaba as a digital platform enterprise, it integrates technology, sales, logistics, finance, talent, globalization and other resources, and promotes the solution to the problem of characteristic agricultural products by building the “four modernizations” of agricultural products supply chain, namely digitization, standardization, scale and branding.
At the same time, “1000 US dollars per mu” covers poverty reduction, employment, education, women, ecology, inclusive financing and other sustainable development goals, which is in line with the 2030 sustainable development agenda being promoted by the United Nations, and has strong reference value for the world, especially for developing countries.
According to the report, the case of “1000 US dollars per mu” shows that the dividends brought by digital technology are not limited to high-income countries and urban areas. As long as the conditions are suitable, rural e-commerce can flourish in rural areas of developing countries based on platforms.
Zhai Kun, Professor of the school of international relations at Peking University, said that it is of great practical significance for the future global economic growth and recovery, as well as global food security, to explore and transform the experience of helping agriculture with “1000 US dollars per mu” and promote the localization of digital agriculture in other developing countries. Xu Xiuli, Dean of the school of international development and global agriculture of China Agricultural University and professor of the school of Humanities and development, also said that “1000 US dollars per mu” has the exemplary effect of poverty alleviation and income increase, which provides a good reference and benchmark for global agricultural development and poverty reduction, and promotes enterprises to participate in international development cooperation, and opens up new ideas for promoting the UN sustainable development agenda.
In addition to “producing US $1000 per mu”, Alibaba has also focused on the construction of “the first one kilometer” of agricultural infrastructure projects in recent years, creating a digital warehouse distribution system integrating the warehouse of agricultural products origin and cold chain logistics, reducing the loss rate of agricultural products circulation, supporting the acceleration of quality standardization of agricultural products of origin, and promoting the digital upgrading of agricultural whole link such as production, supply, marketing and research.
At present, Alibaba has built five digital agricultural transportation and processing centers (Digital warehouse of origin) in China, which can directly supply 1 million tons of fresh agricultural products to the national table every year. In addition, rookie village has established logistics distribution centers in more than 900 counties.
The efforts to help farmers represented by Alibaba have been widely concerned by the international community. The world bank has repeatedly issued reports to introduce the poverty alleviation experience of Taobao village and Alibaba e-commerce to less developed countries. Its world development report 2019 also mentioned many cases of Alibaba’s Taobao trading mode innovation, ant inclusive financial services, artificial intelligence, big data technology innovation, etc., pointing out that Alibaba can enable the development of small and medium-sized enterprises through technology and create a large number of jobs for the society Position, help to solve social problems.
In May 2019, Alibaba was selected as one of the first batch of best “global poverty reduction cases” at the “2019 global poverty reduction partners seminar” jointly sponsored by the food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Fund for agricultural development, the world food programme, China International Poverty Alleviation center and China Internet news center. In October 2019, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued the “China’s implementation of the 2030 sustainable development agenda report (2019)”, Alibaba has become an “Internet plus poverty eradication” model. In the past few years, many ministries and commissions have affirmed Ali’s model of assisting agriculture.
The latest report of the Ministry of Commerce points out that China’s poverty alleviation model represented by “1000 US dollars per mu” also has certain feasibility for other developing countries to achieve agricultural development, farmers’ prosperity and rural poverty reduction. The successful implementation of this model enlightens us that in the future global poverty reduction, we should establish a new type of public-private partnership, pay attention to systematic development programs and promote development step by step.
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