The following is the National data resources survey report From China Institute of Information Technology & China Institute of Cyberspace recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: Digital economy, Data news, Data industry, research report.
In order to implement the relevant task deployment of the “opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on building a more perfect market-oriented allocation system and mechanism of factors”, under the guidance of the Information Development Bureau of the central network information office and the information technology development department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, the China Academy of information and communication (hereinafter referred to as “China Academy of information and communication”) China Institute of cyberspace has jointly carried out the data resource survey and formed the national data resource survey report (2020). On April 25, at the main forum of the fourth digital China Construction Summit, Wang Zhiqin, vice president of China Academy of information technology, released the “national data resources survey report (2020)”, focusing on the life cycle process of data resources production, circulation, storage, application and security, giving a detailed introduction to the development of China’s data resources.
1、 Data production
In 2019, China’s total data output is 3.9zb, with a year-on-year increase of 29.3%, accounting for 9.3% of the global total data output (42zb). From the regional distribution of data output, Guangdong, Beijing, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Shandong, Sichuan, Henan, Hebei and Hunan are the top ten provinces of data output in 2019.
In terms of per capita data output, China’s per capita data output in 2019 is 3TB, an increase of 25% over the same period last year. From the situation of domestic provinces, Beijing, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Tianjin, Guangdong, Inner Mongolia, Tibet, Hainan, Jiangsu and Liaoning are the top ten provinces in terms of per capita data output in 2019.
In terms of data source structure, data resources are mainly generated by various types of equipment held by industry institutions and individuals, among which industry institutions have always occupied the dominant position in data resource production. In 2019, the data output of China’s industry institutions will reach 3zb, accounting for 76.9% of the total national data output, and the personal data output will account for 23.1%. In the past three years, the proportion of data output of industry institutions has increased year by year.
2、 Data circulation
（1） Data flow between countries
From the perspective of Internet business types visiting China from abroad, 11 of the top 20 applications in 2019 are video applications, accounting for 87.9% of the traffic. The second largest category is e-commerce, with traffic accounting for 6.9%. From the perspective of Internet business types of domestic visits to foreign countries, game business traffic accounted for 36%. Office system software and digital certificate business followed, accounting for 25% and 16% of the traffic respectively.
（2） Data flow between regions in China
In 2019, the average monthly Internet inter provincial export flow of each province is 3eb. Among them, the top ten provinces are Jiangsu, Shandong, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Hebei, Henan, Shanghai, Hubei, Hunan and Fujian. The average monthly Internet provincial export flow in the eastern region is 49.9eb, accounting for 53.7% of the country, far more than that in other regions.
（3） Data opening of government departments
By the end of 2020, China’s local governments at all levels have launched 142 data open platforms, opened 98558 effective data sets, and 20 provincial open platforms. From the perspective of the scope and quality of open data sets of provincial open platforms, the average proportion of dynamic update of open data sets is 15.7%; The average machine readable rate was 75.8%; The average coverage rate of key data sets was 38.6%; The average coverage rate of common data sets was 69.9%; The average department coverage of open data set is 73.2%.
（4） Data flow among enterprises
1. Data flow among industrial enterprises
In terms of central enterprises in the industrial field, according to the data of 15 Central Enterprises in the industrial field, 13 of them have data sharing interfaces among enterprises, with a total of 13406 interfaces, with an average of 1031 interfaces per enterprise. About 80% of these interfaces are shared interfaces among different enterprises within the group. In 2019, the above shared interfaces will be called a total of 976 million times. In terms of local industrial enterprises, according to the data of 49 local key industrial enterprises actually recovered, 22 local key industrial enterprises have data sharing interfaces between enterprises, with a total of 3228 interfaces, with an average of 147 for each. In 2019, the total number of calls to the above shared interfaces will be 950 million.
2. Data flow among Internet enterprises
According to the data of 29 key Internet enterprises surveyed, 16 Internet enterprises have established business open platforms, accounting for 55.1% of the surveyed Internet enterprises. By the end of 2019, in terms of the number of access to third-party enterprises and individual developers, the open platform has accessed more than 4.5 million third-party enterprises and individual developers; In terms of open data scale, the open platform will open more than 20pb of data to third-party enterprises and individual developers in 2019.
3、 Data storage
By the end of 2019, China’s total data stock is about 332eb, accounting for 11.9% of the global total stock (about 2800eb). From the perspective of regional distribution of data storage, by the end of 2019, the top ten provinces with data storage in China are Guangdong, Beijing, Jiangsu, Shandong, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Henan, Shanghai, Hebei and Hubei. From the perspective of data storage density, by the end of 2019, China’s overall data density is 0.035pb/km2, and the top ten provinces are Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong, Henan, Chongqing and Hebei. In terms of per capita data stock, by the end of 2019, China’s per capita data stock is 255.4gb.
From the perspective of data storage subject, China’s personal end has the largest stock of data. By the end of 2019, 67.8% of China’s data is stored in personal mobile phones, computers, mobile hard disks and other terminal devices, and the stock of personal data is about 2.1 times of that of industrial institutions. The proportion of data stock of industry institutions has increased year by year, and the proportion of data stock of the whole society in 2019 has increased by 4 percentage points in the previous year.
4、 Data application
（1） Application and development of Digital Government
The national integrated government service platform system has been initially formed. In terms of the number of government service items included, as the general hub of the national integrated government service platform, the national government service platform has successively connected to more than 5 million government service items and 11000 convenient service applications of local departments by the end of 2020. From the perspective of user scale, as of December 2020, the number of real name users of the national integrated government service platform has reached 810 million.
（2） National big data application demonstration pilot projects
In 2020, the Ministry of industry and information technology will select 200 big data industry development pilot demonstration projects nationwide. From the perspective of application fields, the number of industrial big data fusion application projects is up to 90, including 53 projects involving manufacturing industry. Automotive manufacturing, electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing, chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing and other sub industries are hot application fields.
5、 Data security
In recent years, China has accelerated the legislative work in the field of data security. A series of laws and regulations, normative documents, standards and specifications have been issued and implemented or solicited public opinions, gradually filling in the legal and institutional loopholes, and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of individuals and social public interests to the maximum extent. With the continuous improvement of laws, regulations and standards system, China’s efforts to protect data security and personal information have been strengthened, and the ability of data security risk monitoring and emergency response has been continuously improved. However, the situation of data security protection in China is still severe. According to the statistics of CNCERT, in the whole year of 2019, the number of databases with the risk of personal information leakage or the actual occurrence of data leakage events in China is as high as 14120.
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