The following is the Technology and innovation report 2021 From United Nations Conference on Trade and development recommended by recordtrend.com. And this article belongs to the classification: Venture capital, Investment & Economy, research report.
According to the official website of the United Nations Conference on Trade and development (untad) on February 25, the report on technology and innovation 2021 was released by the United Nations Conference on Trade and development (untad), which discusses how developing countries can catch up with the wave of technology and fair innovation.
The report analyzes the trend of technological change and inequality along with the changes of the times; evaluates the national readiness of countries for cutting-edge technologies (artificial intelligence, Internet of things, gene editing, solar photovoltaic and other 11 technologies); analyzes the new type of inequality caused by a new round of technological change and the underlying reasons; and expounds the challenges and Countermeasures Faced by developing countries.
The report points out that technological change has exacerbated inequality within countries and the gap between developed and developing countries; a new round of technological change has brought new problems such as the loss of low skilled jobs, the economy of odd jobs, the centralization of market and profits, and the reduction of labor cost advantages; developing countries are facing population pressure, low technological innovation capacity, weak financing mechanism, and limited technology transfer There are many challenges, such as financial constraints, digital divide, insufficient income capacity and so on.
The report suggests that developing countries should adopt dual technology objectives, use existing technology to achieve production diversification and adopt cutting-edge technology at the same time; reduce technology risks by strengthening social security and technology foresight; and obtain technical and financial support through international cooperation.
The expansion of high – and low wage jobs – a phenomenon known as “job polarization” – over the past 20 years has resulted in only a small decline in moderately skilled jobs in developed and developing countries (by 4% and 6%, respectively), according to the data from UNCTAD.
Nevertheless, it cautions that in the new digital age, there seems to be little sign of a slowdown in fast-growing inequality. Data show that the real per capita income gap between developed and developing countries is US $4749, higher than US $17000 in 1970.
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